### Absolute continuity and hyponormal operators.

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The aim of this paper is to introduce a generalization of the classical absolute continuity to a relative case, with respect to a subset $M$ of an interval $I$. This generalization is based on adding more requirements to disjoint systems ${\left\{({a}_{k},{b}_{k})\right\}}_{K}$ from the classical definition of absolute continuity – these systems should be not too far from $M$ and should be small relative to some covers of $M$. We discuss basic properties of relative absolutely continuous functions and compare this class with other classes of...

We investigate the convergence behavior of the family of double sine integrals of the form ${\int}_{0}^{\infty}{\int}_{0}^{\infty}f(x,y)sinuxsinvydxdy$, where (u,v) ∈ ℝ²₊:= ℝ₊ × ℝ₊, ℝ₊:= (0,∞), and f: ℝ²₊ → ℂ is a locally absolutely continuous function satisfying certain generalized monotonicity conditions. We give sufficient conditions for the uniform convergence of the remainder integrals ${\int}_{a\u2081}^{b\u2081}{\int}_{a\u2082}^{b\u2082}$ to zero in (u,v) ∈ ℝ²₊ as maxa₁,a₂ → ∞ and ${b}_{j}>{a}_{j}\ge 0$, j = 1,2 (called uniform convergence in the regular sense). This implies the uniform convergence of the partial integrals...

Let ${\mathcal{A}}_{\beta}$ be the Beurling algebra with weight $(1+|n|{)}^{\beta}$ on the unit circle $\mathbb{T}$ and, for a closed set $E\subseteq \mathbb{T}$, let ${J}_{{\mathcal{A}}_{\beta}}\left(E\right)=\{f\in {\mathcal{A}}_{\beta}:f=0\phantom{\rule{0.166667em}{0ex}}\text{on}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\text{a}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\text{neighbourhood}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}\text{of}\phantom{\rule{0.166667em}{0ex}}E\}$. We prove that, for $\beta \>\frac{1}{2}$, there exists a closed set $E\subseteq \mathbb{T}$ of measure zero such that the quotient algebra ${\mathcal{A}}_{\beta}/\stackrel{\u203e}{{J}_{{\mathcal{A}}_{\beta}}\left(E\right)}$ is not generated by its idempotents, thus contrasting a result of Zouakia. Furthermore, for the Lipschitz algebras ${\lambda}_{\gamma}$ and the algebra $\mathcal{A}\mathcal{C}$ of absolutely continuous functions on $\mathbb{T}$, we characterize the closed sets $E\subseteq \mathbb{T}$ for which the restriction algebras ${\lambda}_{\gamma}\left(E\right)$ and $\mathcal{A}\mathcal{C}\left(E\right)$ are generated by their idempotents.

We present the full descriptive characterizations of the strong McShane integral (or the variational McShane integral) of a Banach space valued function $f:W\to X$ defined on a non-degenerate closed subinterval $W$ of ${\mathbb{R}}^{m}$ in terms of strong absolute continuity or, equivalently, in terms of McShane variational measure ${V}_{\mathcal{M}}F$ generated by the primitive $F:{\mathcal{I}}_{W}\to X$ of $f$, where ${\mathcal{I}}_{W}$ is the family of all closed non-degenerate subintervals of $W$.