### A bound for reflections across Jordan curves.

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Let $G\subset \mathrm{\mathbf{S}\mathbf{U}}(2,1)$ be a non-elementary complex hyperbolic Kleinian group. If $G$ preserves a complex line, then $G$ is $\u2102$-Fuchsian; if $G$ preserves a Lagrangian plane, then $G$ is $\mathbb{R}$-Fuchsian; $G$ is Fuchsian if $G$ is either $\u2102$-Fuchsian or $\mathbb{R}$-Fuchsian. In this paper, we prove that if the traces of all elements in $G$ are real, then $G$ is Fuchsian. This is an analogous result of Theorem V.G. 18 of B. Maskit, Kleinian Groups, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988, in the setting of complex hyperbolic isometric groups. As an application...

Let X be a compact Riemmann surface of genus g > 1. A symmetry T of X is an anticonformal involution. The fixed point set of T is a disjoint union of simple closed curves, each of which is called a mirror of T. If T fixes g +1 mirrors then it is called an M-symmetry and X is called an M-surface. If X admits an automorphism of order g + 1 which cyclically permutes the mirrors of T then we shall call X an M-surface with the M-property. In this paper we investigate those M-surfaces with the...

Poincaré's work on the reduction of Abelian integrals contains implicitly an algorithm for the expression of a theta function as a sum of products of theta functions of fewer variables in the presence of reduction. The aim of this paper is to give explicit formulations and reasonably complete proofs of Poincaré's results.

We investigate an explicit holomorphic correspondence on the Riemann sphere with striking dynamical behaviour: the limit set is a fractal resembling the one-skeleton of a tetrahedron and on each component of the complement of this set the correspondence behaves like a Fuchsian group.

In this paper we show that to check Gromov hyperbolicity of any surface of constant negative curvature, or Riemann surface, we only need to verify the Rips condition on a very small class of triangles, namely, those obtained by marking three points in a simple closed geodesic. This result is, in fact, a new characterization of Gromov hyperbolicity for Riemann surfaces.