### A class of generalized best approximation problems in locally convex linear topological spaces.

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A deterministic affine-quadratic optimal control problem is considered. Due to the nature of the problem, optimal controls exist under some very mild conditions. Further, it is shown that under some assumptions, the optimal control is unique which leads to the differentiability of the value function. Therefore, the value function satisfies the corresponding Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation in the classical sense, and the optimal control admits a state feedback representation. Under some additional...

The paper deals with deterministic optimal control problems with state constraints and non-linear dynamics. It is known for such problems that the value function is in general discontinuous and its characterization by means of a Hamilton-Jacobi equation requires some controllability assumptions involving the dynamics and the set of state constraints. Here, we first adopt the viability point of view and look at the value function as its epigraph. Then, we prove that this epigraph can always be described...

In this paper a model for the recovery of human and economic activities in a region, which underwent a serious disaster, is proposed. The model treats the case that the disaster region has an industrial collaboration with a non-disaster region in the production system and, especially, depends upon each other in technological development. The economic growth model is based on the classical theory of R. M. Solow (1956), and the full model is described as a nonlinear system of ordinary differential...

Mathematical models for cancer treatment that include immunological activity are considered as an optimal control problem with an objective that is motivated by a separatrix of the uncontrolled system. For various growth models on the cancer cells the existence and optimality of singular controls is investigated. For a Gompertzian growth function a synthesis of controls that move the state into the region of attraction of a benign equilibrium point is developed.

A new hybrid of block-pulse functions and Boubaker polynomials is constructed to solve the inequality constrained fractional optimal control problems (FOCPs) with quadratic performance index and fractional variational problems (FVPs). First, the general formulation of the Riemann-Liouville integral operator for Boubaker hybrid function is presented for the first time. Then it is applied to reduce the problems to optimization problems, which can be solved by the existing method. In this way we find...

We prove the partial ${C}^{1,\beta}$-regolarity up to the free boundary of the $p$-harmonic maps which minimize the $p$-energy $\int {\left|Du\right|}^{p}dx$.

We prove the conical differentiability of the solution to a bone remodeling contact rod model, for given data (applied loads and rigid obstacle), with respect to small perturbations of the cross section of the rod. The proof is based on the special structure of the model, composed of a variational inequality coupled with an ordinary differential equation with respect to time. This structure enables the verification of the two following fundamental results: the polyhedricity of a modified displacement...

We prove the conical differentiability of the solution to a bone remodeling contact rod model, for given data (applied loads and rigid obstacle), with respect to small perturbations of the cross section of the rod. The proof is based on the special structure of the model, composed of a variational inequality coupled with an ordinary differential equation with respect to time. This structure enables the verification of the two following fundamental results: the polyhedricity of a modified displacement constraint...

The left-invariant sub-Riemannian problem on the group of motions (rototranslations) of a plane SE(2) is studied. Local and global optimality of extremal trajectories is characterized. Lower and upper bounds on the first conjugate time are proved. The cut time is shown to be equal to the first Maxwell time corresponding to the group of discrete symmetries of the exponential mapping. Optimal synthesis on an open dense subset of the state space is described.

We study an initial boundary-value problem for a wave equation with time-dependent sound speed. In the control problem, we wish to determine a sound-speed function which damps the vibration of the system. We consider the case where the sound speed can take on only two values, and propose a simple control law. We show that if the number of modes in the vibration is finite, and none of the eigenfrequencies are repeated, the proposed control law does lead to energy decay. We illustrate the rich behavior...

We study an initial boundary-value problem for a wave equation with time-dependent sound speed. In the control problem, we wish to determine a sound-speed function which damps the vibration of the system. We consider the case where the sound speed can take on only two values, and propose a simple control law. We show that if the number of modes in the vibration is finite, and none of the eigenfrequencies are repeated, the proposed control law does lead to energy decay. We illustrate the rich behavior of...