### A bornological approach to rotundity and smoothness applied to approximation.

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We consider the question whether the assumption of convexity of the set involved in Clarke-Ledyaev inequality can be relaxed. In the case when the point is outside the convex hull of the set we show that Clarke-Ledyaev type inequality holds if and only if there is certain geometrical relation between the point and the set.

In this paper, two deformation lemmas concerning a family of indefinite, non necessarily continuously differentiable functionals are proved. A critical point theorem, which extends the classical result of Benci-Rabinowitz [14, Theorem 5.29] to the above-mentioned setting, is then deduced.

Convex duality is a powerful framework for solving non-smooth optimal control problems. However, for problems set in non-reflexive Banach spaces such as L1(Ω) or BV(Ω), the dual problem is formulated in a space which has difficult measure theoretic structure. The predual problem, on the other hand, can be formulated in a Hilbert space and entails the minimization of a smooth functional with box constraints, for which efficient numerical methods exist. In this work, elliptic control problems with...

We prove that if f is a real valued lower semicontinuous function on a Banach space X and if there exists a C^1, real valued Lipschitz continuous function on X with bounded support and which is not identically equal to zero, then f is Lipschitz continuous of constant K provided all lower subgradients of f are bounded by K. As an application, we give a regularity result of viscosity supersolutions (or subsolutions) of Hamilton-Jacobi equations in infinite dimensions which satisfy a coercive condition....

This work is concerned with a class of minimum effort problems for partial differential equations, where the control cost is of L∞-type. Since this problem is non-differentiable, a regularized functional is introduced that can be minimized by a superlinearly convergent semi-smooth Newton method. Uniqueness and convergence for the solutions to the regularized problem are addressed, and a continuation strategy based on a model function is proposed. Numerical examples for a convection-diffusion equation...

We consider the problem of internal regional controllability with output constraints. It consists in steering a hyperbolic system to a final state between two prescribed functions only on a subregion of the evolution system domain. This problem is solved by characterizing the optimal control in terms of a subdifferential associated with the minimized functional.

The paper concerns a two-level hierarchical game, where the players on each level behave noncooperatively. In this way one can model eg an oligopolistic market with several large and several small firms. We derive two types of necessary conditions for a solution of this game and discuss briefly the possibilities of its computation.

The first motivation for this note is to obtain a general version of the following result: let E be a Banach space and f : E → R be a differentiable function, bounded below and satisfying the Palais-Smale condition; then, f is coercive, i.e., f(x) goes to infinity as ||x|| goes to infinity. In recent years, many variants and extensions of this result appeared, see [3], [5], [6], [9], [14], [18], [19] and the references therein. A general result of this type was given in [3, Theorem 5.1] for a lower...

The existence of solutions to a scalar Minty variational inequality of differential type is usually related to monotonicity property of the primitive function. On the other hand, solutions of the variational inequality are global minimizers for the primitive function. The present paper generalizes these results to vector variational inequalities putting the Increasing Along Rays (IAR) property into the center of the discussion. To achieve that infinite elements in the image space Y are introduced. Under...

The existence of solutions to a scalar Minty variational inequality of differential type is usually related to monotonicity property of the primitive function. On the other hand, solutions of the variational inequality are global minimizers for the primitive function. The present paper generalizes these results to vector variational inequalities putting the Increasing Along Rays (IAR) property into the center of the discussion. To achieve that infinite elements in the image space $Y$ are introduced....

We give an example of a fourth degree polynomial which does not satisfy Rolle’s Theorem in the unit ball of ${l}_{2}$.