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A backward particle interpretation of Feynman-Kac formulae

Pierre Del Moral, Arnaud Doucet, Sumeetpal S. Singh (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We design a particle interpretation of Feynman-Kac measures on path spaces based on a backward Markovian representation combined with a traditional mean field particle interpretation of the flow of their final time marginals. In contrast to traditional genealogical tree based models, these new particle algorithms can be used to compute normalized additive functionals “on-the-fly” as well as their limiting occupation measures with a given precision degree that does not depend on the final time horizon. We...

A comparison of cointegration tests

Petr Mariel (1996)

Applications of Mathematics

In this paper some of the cointegration tests applied to a single equation are compared. Many of the existent cointegration tests are simply extensions of the unit root tests applied to the residuals of the cointegrating regression and the habitual H 0 is no cointegration. However, some non residual-based tests and some tests of the opposite null hypothesis have recently appeared in literature. Monte Carlo simulations have been used for the power comparison of the nine selected tests ( A D F , Z ^ α , Z ^ t , D H S ,...

A Donsker theorem to simulate one-dimensional processes with measurable coefficients

Pierre Étoré, Antoine Lejay (2007)

ESAIM: Probability and Statistics

In this paper, we prove a Donsker theorem for one-dimensional processes generated by an operator with measurable coefficients. We construct a random walk on any grid on the state space, using the transition probabilities of the approximated process, and the conditional average times it spends on each cell of the grid. Indeed we can compute these quantities by solving some suitable elliptic PDE problems.

A martingale control variate method for option pricing with stochastic volatility

Jean-Pierre Fouque, Chuan-Hsiang Han (2007)

ESAIM: Probability and Statistics

A generic control variate method is proposed to price options under stochastic volatility models by Monte Carlo simulations. This method provides a constructive way to select control variates which are martingales in order to reduce the variance of unbiased option price estimators. We apply a singular and regular perturbation analysis to characterize the variance reduced by martingale control variates. This variance analysis is done in the regime where time scales of associated driving volatility...

A method for knowledge integration

Martin Janžura, Pavel Boček (1998)

Kybernetika

With the aid of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods we can sample even from complex multi-dimensional distributions which cannot be exactly calculated. Thus, an application to the problem of knowledge integration (e. g. in expert systems) is straightforward.

A Metropolis adjusted Nosé-Hoover thermostat

Benedict Leimkuhler, Sebastian Reich (2009)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We present a Monte Carlo technique for sampling from the canonical distribution in molecular dynamics. The method is built upon the Nosé-Hoover constant temperature formulation and the generalized hybrid Monte Carlo method. In contrast to standard hybrid Monte Carlo methods only the thermostat degree of freedom is stochastically resampled during a Monte Carlo step.

A New Algorithm for Monte Carlo for American Options

Mallier, Roland, Alobaidi, Ghada (2003)

Serdica Mathematical Journal

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 91B28, 65C05.We consider the valuation of American options using Monte Carlo simulation, and propose a new technique which involves approximating the optimal exercise boundary. Our method involves splitting the boundary into a linear term and a Fourier series and using stochastic optimization in the form of a relaxation method to calculate the coefficients in the series. The cost function used is the expected value of the option using the the current estimate...

A nonasymptotic theorem for unnormalized Feynman–Kac particle models

F. Cérou, P. Del Moral, A. Guyader (2011)

Annales de l'I.H.P. Probabilités et statistiques

We present a nonasymptotic theorem for interacting particle approximations of unnormalized Feynman–Kac models. We provide an original stochastic analysis-based on Feynman–Kac semigroup techniques combined with recently developed coalescent tree-based functional representations of particle block distributions. We present some regularity conditions under which the -relative error of these weighted particle measures grows linearly with respect to the time horizon yielding what seems to be the first...

A primal-dual integral method in global optimization

Jens Hichert, Armin Hoffmann, Huan Xoang Phú, Rüdiger Reinhardt (2000)

Discussiones Mathematicae, Differential Inclusions, Control and Optimization

Using the Fenchel conjugate F c of Phú’s Volume function F of a given essentially bounded measurable function f defined on the bounded box D ⊂ Rⁿ, the integral method of Chew and Zheng for global optimization is modified to a superlinearly convergent method with respect to the level sequence. Numerical results are given for low dimensional functions with a strict global essential supremum.

Accelerated Monte Carlo estimation of exceedance probabilities under monotonicity constraints

Nicolas Bousquet (2012)

Annales de la faculté des sciences de Toulouse Mathématiques

The problem of estimating the probability p = P ( g ( X ) 0 ) is considered when X represents a multivariate stochastic input of a monotonic function g . First, a heuristic method to bound p , originally proposed by de Rocquigny (2009), is formally described, involving a specialized design of numerical experiments. Then a statistical estimation of p is considered based on a sequential stochastic exploration of the input space. A maximum likelihood estimator of p build from successive dependent Bernoulli data is defined...

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