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A backward particle interpretation of Feynman-Kac formulae

Pierre Del Moral, Arnaud Doucet, Sumeetpal S. Singh (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We design a particle interpretation of Feynman-Kac measures on path spaces based on a backward Markovian representation combined with a traditional mean field particle interpretation of the flow of their final time marginals. In contrast to traditional genealogical tree based models, these new particle algorithms can be used to compute normalized additive functionals “on-the-fly” as well as their limiting occupation measures with a given precision degree that does not depend on the final time horizon. We...

A nonasymptotic theorem for unnormalized Feynman–Kac particle models

F. Cérou, P. Del Moral, A. Guyader (2011)

Annales de l'I.H.P. Probabilités et statistiques

We present a nonasymptotic theorem for interacting particle approximations of unnormalized Feynman–Kac models. We provide an original stochastic analysis-based on Feynman–Kac semigroup techniques combined with recently developed coalescent tree-based functional representations of particle block distributions. We present some regularity conditions under which the -relative error of these weighted particle measures grows linearly with respect to the time horizon yielding what seems to be the first...

A stochastic phase-field model determined from molecular dynamics

Erik von Schwerin, Anders Szepessy (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The dynamics of dendritic growth of a crystal in an undercooled melt is determined by macroscopic diffusion-convection of heat and by capillary forces acting on the nanometer scale of the solid-liquid interface width. Its modelling is useful for instance in processing techniques based on casting. The phase-field method is widely used to study evolution of such microstructural phase transformations on a continuum level; it couples the energy equation to a phenomenological Allen-Cahn/Ginzburg-Landau equation...

Diffusion Monte Carlo method: Numerical Analysis in a Simple Case

Mohamed El Makrini, Benjamin Jourdain, Tony Lelièvre (2007)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The Diffusion Monte Carlo method is devoted to the computation of electronic ground-state energies of molecules. In this paper, we focus on implementations of this method which consist in exploring the configuration space with a fixed number of random walkers evolving according to a stochastic differential equation discretized in time. We allow stochastic reconfigurations of the walkers to reduce the discrepancy between the weights that they carry. On a simple one-dimensional example, we prove...

Existence, uniqueness and convergence of a particle approximation for the Adaptive Biasing Force process

Benjamin Jourdain, Tony Lelièvre, Raphaël Roux (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We study a free energy computation procedure, introduced in [Darve and Pohorille, J. Chem. Phys.115 (2001) 9169–9183; Hénin and Chipot, J. Chem. Phys.121 (2004) 2904–2914], which relies on the long-time behavior of a nonlinear stochastic differential equation. This nonlinearity comes from a conditional expectation computed with respect to one coordinate of the solution. The long-time convergence of the solutions to this equation has been proved in [Lelièvre et al., Nonlinearity21 (2008) 1155–1181],...

Nonlinear filtering for observations on a random vector field along a random path. Application to atmospheric turbulent velocities

Christophe Baehr (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

To filter perturbed local measurements on a random medium, a dynamic model jointly with an observation transfer equation are needed. Some media given by PDE could have a local probabilistic representation by a Lagrangian stochastic process with mean-field interactions. In this case, we define the acquisition process of locally homogeneous medium along a random path by a Lagrangian Markov process conditioned to be in a domain following the path and conditioned to the observations. The nonlinear...

On a probabilistic interpretation of shape derivatives of Dirichlet groundstates with application to Fermion nodes

Mathias Rousset (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

This paper considers Schrödinger operators, and presents a probabilistic interpretation of the variation (or shape derivative) of the Dirichlet groundstate energy when the associated domain is perturbed. This interpretation relies on the distribution on the boundary of a stopped random process with Feynman-Kac weights. Practical computations require in addition the explicit approximation of the normal derivative of the groundstate on the boundary. We then propose to use this formulation in the...

On convergence of kernel density estimates in particle filtering

David Coufal (2016)


The paper deals with kernel density estimates of filtering densities in the particle filter. The convergence of the estimates is investigated by means of Fourier analysis. It is shown that the estimates converge to the theoretical filtering densities in the mean integrated squared error. An upper bound on the convergence rate is given. The result is provided under a certain assumption on the Sobolev character of the filtering densities. A sufficient condition is presented for the persistence of...

Propagation of chaos for the 2D viscous vortex model

Nicolas Fournier, Maxime Hauray, Stéphane Mischler (2014)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

We consider a stochastic system of N particles, usually called vortices in that setting, approximating the 2D Navier-Stokes equation written in vorticity. Assuming that the initial distribution of the position and circulation of the vortices has finite (partial) entropy and a finite moment of positive order, we show that the empirical measure of the particle system converges in law to the unique (under suitable a priori estimates) solution of the 2D Navier-Stokes equation. We actually prove a slightly...

Stochastic Lagrangian method for downscaling problems in computational fluid dynamics

Frédéric Bernardin, Mireille Bossy, Claire Chauvin, Jean-François Jabir, Antoine Rousseau (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

This work aims at introducing modelling, theoretical and numerical studies related to a new downscaling technique applied to computational fluid dynamics. Our method consists in building a local model, forced by large scale information computed thanks to a classical numerical weather predictor. The local model, compatible with the Navier-Stokes equations, is used for the small scale computation (downscaling) of the considered fluid. It is inspired by Pope's works on turbulence, and consists in...

Trend to equilibrium and particle approximation for a weakly selfconsistent Vlasov-Fokker-Planck equation

François Bolley, Arnaud Guillin, Florent Malrieu (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We consider a Vlasov-Fokker-Planck equation governing the evolution of the density of interacting and diffusive matter in the space of positions and velocities. We use a probabilistic interpretation to obtain convergence towards equilibrium in Wasserstein distance with an explicit exponential rate. We also prove a propagation of chaos property for an associated particle system, and give rates on the approximation of the solution by the particle system. Finally, a transportation inequality...

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