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A compactness result in thin-film micromagnetics and the optimality of the Néel wall

Radu Ignat, Felix Otto (2008)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

In this paper, we study a model for the magnetization in thin ferromagnetic films. It comes as a variational problem for S 1 -valued maps m ' (the magnetization) of two variables x ' : E ε ( m ' ) = ε | ' · m ' | 2 d x ' + 1 2 | ' | - 1 / 2 ' · m ' 2 d x ' . We are interested in the behavior of minimizers as ε 0 . They are expected to be S 1 -valued maps m ' of vanishing distributional divergence ' · m ' = 0 , so that appropriate boundary conditions enforce line discontinuities. For finite ε > 0 , these line discontinuities are approximated by smooth transition layers, the so-called Néel walls. Néel...

A reduced model for domain walls in soft ferromagnetic films at the cross-over from symmetric to asymmetric wall types

Lucas Döring, Radu Ignat, Felix Otto (2014)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

We study the Landau-Lifshitz model for the energy of multi-scale transition layers – called “domain walls” – in soft ferromagnetic films. Domain walls separate domains of constant magnetization vectors m α ± 𝕊 2 that differ by an angle 2 α . Assuming translation invariance tangential to the wall, our main result is the rigorous derivation of a reduced model for the energy of the optimal transition layer, which in a certain parameter regime confirms the experimental, numerical and physical predictions: The...

A Slideing Mesh-Mortar Method for a two Dimensional Currents Model of Electric Engines

Annalisa Buffa, Yvon Maday, Francesca Rapetti (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The paper deals with the application of a non-conforming domain decomposition method to the problem of the computation of induced currents in electric engines with moving conductors. The eddy currents model is considered as a quasi-static approximation of Maxwell equations and we study its two-dimensional formulation with either the modified magnetic vector potential or the magnetic field as primary variable. Two discretizations are proposed, the first one based on curved finite elements and the...

A sliding Mesh-Mortar method for a two dimensional Eddy currents model of electric engines

Annalisa Buffa, Yvon Maday, Francesca Rapetti (2001)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The paper deals with the application of a non-conforming domain decomposition method to the problem of the computation of induced currents in electric engines with moving conductors. The eddy currents model is considered as a quasi-static approximation of Maxwell equations and we study its two-dimensional formulation with either the modified magnetic vector potential or the magnetic field as primary variable. Two discretizations are proposed, the first one based on curved finite elements and the...

A Stochastic Solver of the Generalized Born Model

Robert C. Harris, Travis Mackoy, Marcia O. Fenley (2013)

Molecular Based Mathematical Biology

A stochastic generalized Born (GB) solver is presented which can give predictions of energies arbitrarily close to those that would be given by exact effective GB radii, and, unlike analytical GB solvers, these errors are Gaussian with estimates that can be easily obtained from the algorithm. This method was tested by computing the electrostatic solvation energies (ΔGsolv) and the electrostatic binding energies (ΔGbind) of a set of DNA-drug complexes, a set of protein-drug complexes, a set of protein-protein...

An optimum design problem in magnetostatics

Antoine Henrot, Grégory Villemin (2002)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

In this paper, we are interested in finding the optimal shape of a magnet. The criterion to maximize is the jump of the electromagnetic field between two different configurations. We prove existence of an optimal shape into a natural class of domains. We introduce a quasi-Newton type algorithm which moves the boundary. This method is very efficient to improve an initial shape. We give some numerical results.

An Optimum Design Problem in Magnetostatics

Antoine Henrot, Grégory Villemin (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

In this paper, we are interested in finding the optimal shape of a magnet. The criterion to maximize is the jump of the electromagnetic field between two different configurations. We prove existence of an optimal shape into a natural class of domains. We introduce a quasi-Newton type algorithm which moves the boundary. This method is very efficient to improve an initial shape. We give some numerical results.

Asymptotic formulas for perturbations in the electromagnetic fields due to the presence of inhomogeneities of small diameter

Michael S. Vogelius, Darko Volkov (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We consider solutions to the time-harmonic Maxwell's Equations of a TE (transverse electric) nature. For such solutions we provide a rigorous derivation of the leading order boundary perturbations resulting from the presence of a finite number of interior inhomogeneities of small diameter. We expect that these formulas will form the basis for very effective computational identification algorithms, aimed at determining information about the inhomogeneities from electromagnetic boundary measurements. ...

Asymptotics for large time of solutions to nonlinear system associated with the penetration of a magnetic field into a substance

Temur A. Jangveladze, Zurab V. Kiguradze (2010)

Applications of Mathematics

The nonlinear integro-differential system associated with the penetration of a magnetic field into a substance is considered. The asymptotic behavior as t of solutions for two initial-boundary value problems are studied. The problem with non-zero conditions on one side of the lateral boundary is discussed. The problem with homogeneous boundary conditions is studied too. The rates of convergence are given. Results presented show the difference between stabilization characters of solutions of these...

Computation of the demagnetizing potential in micromagnetics using a coupled finite and infinite elements method

François Alouges (2001)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

This paper is devoted to the practical computation of the magnetic potential induced by a distribution of magnetization in the theory of micromagnetics. The problem turns out to be a coupling of an interior and an exterior problem. The aim of this work is to describe a complete method that mixes the approaches of Ying [12] and Goldstein [6] which consists in constructing a mesh for the exterior domain composed of homothetic layers. It has the advantage of being well suited for catching the decay...

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