### A monotonicity result for hard-core and Widom-Rowlinson models on certain $d$-dimensional lattices.

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The dynamics of dendritic growth of a crystal in an undercooled melt is determined by macroscopic diffusion-convection of heat and by capillary forces acting on the nanometer scale of the solid-liquid interface width. Its modelling is useful for instance in processing techniques based on casting. The phase-field method is widely used to study evolution of such microstructural phase transformations on a continuum level; it couples the energy equation to a phenomenological Allen-Cahn/Ginzburg-Landau equation...

We study large deviations principles for N random processes on the lattice ℤd with finite time horizon [0, β] under a symmetrised measure where all initial and terminal points are uniformly averaged over random permutations. That is, given a permutation σ of N elements and a vector (x1, …, xN) of N initial points we let the random processes terminate in the points (xσ(1), …, xσ(N)) and then sum over all possible permutations and initial points, weighted with an initial distribution. We prove level-two...

Entropy maximization subject to known expected values is extended to the case where the random variables involved may take on positive infinite values. As a result, an arbitrary probability distribution on a finite set may be realized as a canonical distribution. The Rényi entropy of the distribution arises as a natural by-product of this realization. Starting with the uniform distributionon a proper subset of a set, the canonical distribution of equilibriumstatistical mechanics may be used to exhibit...

In the recent literature, the phenomenon of phase separation for binary mixtures of Bose–Einstein condensates can be understood, from a mathematical point of view, as governed by the asymptotic limit of the stationary Gross–Pitaevskii system $-\Delta u+{u}^{3}+\beta u{v}^{2}=\lambda u,-\Delta v+{v}^{3}+\beta {u}^{2}v=\mu v,u,v\in {H}_{0}^{1}\left(\Omega \right),\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}u,v>0$, as the interspecies scattering length $\beta $ goes to $+\infty $. For this system we consider the associated energy functionals ${J}_{\beta},\beta \in (0,+\infty )$, with ${L}^{2}$-mass constraints, which limit ${J}_{\infty}$ (as $\beta \to +\infty $) is strongly irregular. For such functionals, we construct multiple critical points via a common...

This paper addresses analytical investigations of degenerating PDE systems for phase separation and damage processes considered on nonsmooth time-dependent domains with mixed boundary conditions for the displacement field. The evolution of the system is described by a degenerating Cahn-Hilliard equation for the concentration, a doubly nonlinear differential inclusion for the damage variable and a quasi-static balance equation for the displacement field. The analysis is performed on a time-dependent...

We consider the hierarchical disordered pinning model studied in (J. Statist. Phys.66 (1992) 1189–1213), which exhibits a localization/delocalization phase transition. In the case where the disorder is i.i.d. (independent and identically distributed), the question of relevance/irrelevance of disorder (i.e. whether disorder changes or not the critical properties with respect to the homogeneous case) is by now mathematically rather well understood (Probab. Theory Related Fields148 (2010) 159–175,...

A linearly convergent iterative algorithm that approximates the rank-1 convex envelope ${f}^{rc}$ of a given function $f:{\mathbb{R}}^{n\times m}\to \mathbb{R}$, i.e. the largest function below $f$ which is convex along all rank-1 lines, is established. The proposed algorithm is a modified version of an approximation scheme due to Dolzmann and Walkington.

A linearly convergent iterative algorithm that approximates the rank-1 convex envelope ${f}^{rc}$ of a given function $f:{\mathbb{R}}^{n\times m}\to \mathbb{R}$, i.e. the largest function below f which is convex along all rank-1 lines, is established. The proposed algorithm is a modified version of an approximation scheme due to Dolzmann and Walkington.

We study a two-dimensional model for micromagnetics, which consists in an energy functional over ${S}^{2}$-valued vector fields. Bounded-energy configurations tend to be planar, except in small regions which can be described as vortices (Bloch lines in physics). As the characteristic “exchange-length” tends to 0, they converge to planar divergence-free unit norm vector fields which jump along line singularities. We derive lower bounds for the energy, which are explicit functions of the jumps of the limit....

We study a two-dimensional model for micromagnetics, which consists in an energy functional over S2-valued vector fields. Bounded-energy configurations tend to be planar, except in small regions which can be described as vortices (Bloch lines in physics). As the characteristic “exchange-length” tends to 0, they converge to planar divergence-free unit norm vector fields which jump along line singularities. We derive lower bounds for the energy, which are explicit functions of the jumps of the limit....

The paper is devoted to the analysis of an abstract evolution inclusion with a non-invertible operator, motivated by problems arising in nonlocal phase separation modeling. Existence, uniqueness, and long-time behaviour of the solution to the related Cauchy problem are discussed in detail.