### A Mixed Formulation of the Monge-Kantorovich Equations

We introduce and analyse a mixed formulation of the Monge-Kantorovich equations, which express optimality conditions for the mass transportation problem with cost proportional to distance. Furthermore, we introduce and analyse the finite element approximation of this formulation using the lowest order Raviart-Thomas element. Finally, we present some numerical experiments, where both the optimal transport density and the associated Kantorovich potential are computed for a coupling problem and problems...