### A Brownian population model.

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A decision analytical model is presented and analysed to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of routine vaccination against varicella and herpes-zoster, or shingles. These diseases have as common aetiological agent the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Zoster can more likely occur in aged people with declining cell-mediated immunity. The general concern is that universal varicella vaccination might lead to more cases of zoster: with more...

We analyze a two species discrete predator-prey model in which the prey disperses between two patches of a heterogeneous environment with barriers and the mature predator disperses between the patches with no barrier. By using the discrete dynamical system generated by a monotone, concave maps for subcommunity of prey, we obtain the subcommunity of prey exists an equilibrium which attracts all positive solutions, and using the stability trichotomy results on the monotone and continuous operator,...

In questo lavoro si considera un’equazione alle derivate parziali del primo ordine con una condizione sulla frontiera di tipo integrale. Si studia resistenza, l'unicità e il comportamento asintotico delle soluzioni.

This paper deals with a reaction-diffusion system modeling a free boundary problem of the predator-prey type with prey-taxis over a one-dimensional habitat. The free boundary represents the spreading front of the predator species. The global existence and uniqueness of classical solutions to this system are established by the contraction mapping principle. With an eye on the biological interpretations, numerical simulations are provided which give a real insight into the behavior of the free boundary...

The paper deals with the question of existence and properties of equilibrated distributions of individual characteristics in an infinite population. General game-theoretic methods are applied and special attention is focused on the case of fitness functions depending only on the distance of an individual characteristic from a reference point and from the mean characteristics. Iterative procedures leading to equilibrated distributions are also considered.

This paper proposes a linear discrete-time scheme for general nonlinear cross-diffusion systems. The scheme can be regarded as an extension of a linear scheme based on the nonlinear Chernoff formula for the degenerate parabolic equations, which proposed by Berger et al. [RAIRO Anal. Numer.13 (1979) 297–312]. We analyze stability and convergence of the linear scheme. To this end, we apply the theory of reaction-diffusion system approximation. After discretizing the scheme in space, we obtain a versatile,...

Si presenta un metodo di soluzione di una classe di problemi di diffusione nonlineare che hanno origine dalla teoria delle popolazioni con struttura di età.

A conceptual minimal model demonstrating spatially heterogeneous wave regimes interpreted as pursuit-evasion in predator-prey system is constructed and investigated. The model is based on the earlier proposed hypothesis that taxis accelerations of prey and predators are proportional to the density gradient of another population playing a role of taxis stimulus. Considering acceleration rather than immediate velocity allows obtaining realistic solutions even while ignoring variations of total...