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A beginner's guide to adaptive dynamics

Odo Diekmann (2003)

Banach Center Publications

The aim of these notes is to illustrate, largely by way of examples, how standard ecological models can be put into an evolutionary perspective in order to gain insight in the role of natural selection in shaping life history characteristics. We limit ourselves to phenotypic evolution under clonal reproduction (that is, we simply ignore the importance of genes and sex). Another basic assumption is that mutation occurs on a time scale which is long relative to the time scale of convergence...

A Computational Framework to Assess the Efficacy of Cytotoxic Molecules and Vascular Disrupting Agents against Solid Tumours

M. Pons-Salort, B. van der Sanden, A. Juhem, A. Popov, A. Stéphanou (2012)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

A computational framework for testing the effects of cytotoxic molecules, specific to a given phase of the cell cycle, and vascular disrupting agents (VDAs) is presented. The model is based on a cellular automaton to describe tumour cell states transitions from proliferation to death. It is coupled with a model describing the tumour vasculature and its adaptation to the blood rheological constraints when alterations are induced by VDAs treatment....

A Cost-Effectiveness-Assessing Model of Vaccination for Varicella and Zoster

M. Comba, S. Martorano-Raimundo, E. Venturino (2012)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

A decision analytical model is presented and analysed to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of routine vaccination against varicella and herpes-zoster, or shingles. These diseases have as common aetiological agent the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Zoster can more likely occur in aged people with declining cell-mediated immunity. The general concern is that universal varicella vaccination might lead to more cases of zoster: with more...

A discrete predator-prey system with age-structure for predator and natural barriers for prey

Sanyi Tang, Lansun Chen (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We analyze a two species discrete predator-prey model in which the prey disperses between two patches of a heterogeneous environment with barriers and the mature predator disperses between the patches with no barrier. By using the discrete dynamical system generated by a monotone, concave maps for subcommunity of prey, we obtain the subcommunity of prey exists an equilibrium which attracts all positive solutions, and using the stability trichotomy results on the monotone and continuous operator,...

A discrete predator-prey system with age-structure for predator and natural barriers for prey

Sanyi Tang, Lansun Chen (2001)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

We analyze a two species discrete predator-prey model in which the prey disperses between two patches of a heterogeneous environment with barriers and the mature predator disperses between the patches with no barrier. By using the discrete dynamical system generated by a monotone, concave maps for subcommunity of prey, we obtain the subcommunity of prey exists an equilibrium which attracts all positive solutions, and using the stability trichotomy results on the monotone and continuous operator,...

A dominant height growth model for eucalyptus plantations in Portugal

Ayana Mateus, Margarida Tomé (2009)

Discussiones Mathematicae Probability and Statistics

Eucalyptus globulus Labill is one of the most important economic forest species in Portugal, occupying an area of 875.10³ ha in a total forest area of 3346.10³ ha (Tomé et al., 2007). The main goal of this study is to develop a dominant height growth model for Eucalyptus, applicable throughout the country, representing an improve of the curves that are part of the whole stand model existing in Portugal, the GLOBULUS model (Tomé et al., 2001). The dominant height growth model will be built on a biological...

A first order partial differential equation with an integral boundary condition

Gabriella Di Blasio, Mimmo Iannelli, Eugenio Sinestrari (1981)

Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali. Rendiconti Lincei. Matematica e Applicazioni

In questo lavoro si considera un’equazione alle derivate parziali del primo ordine con una condizione sulla frontiera di tipo integrale. Si studia resistenza, l'unicità e il comportamento asintotico delle soluzioni.

A game-theoretic model of social adaptation in an infinite population

A. Wieczorek, A. Wiszniewska (1999)

Applicationes Mathematicae

The paper deals with the question of existence and properties of equilibrated distributions of individual characteristics in an infinite population. General game-theoretic methods are applied and special attention is focused on the case of fitness functions depending only on the distance of an individual characteristic from a reference point and from the mean characteristics. Iterative procedures leading to equilibrated distributions are also considered.

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