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* -biregular rings

Christopher J. Duckenfield (1972)

Commentationes Mathematicae Universitatis Carolinae

-cofinitely supplemented modules

H. Çalışıcı, A. Pancar (2004)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

Let R be a ring and M a right R -module. M is called -cofinitely supplemented if every submodule N of M with M N finitely generated has a supplement that is a direct summand of M . In this paper various properties of the -cofinitely supplemented modules are given. It is shown that (1) Arbitrary direct sum of -cofinitely supplemented modules is -cofinitely supplemented. (2) A ring R is semiperfect if and only if every free R -module is -cofinitely supplemented. In addition, if M has the summand sum...

-compact modules

Tomáš Kepka (1995)

Commentationes Mathematicae Universitatis Carolinae

The duals of -compact modules are briefly discussed.

k -free separable groups with prescribed endomorphism ring

Daniel Herden, Héctor Gabriel Salazar Pedroza (2015)

Fundamenta Mathematicae

We will consider unital rings A with free additive group, and want to construct (in ZFC) for each natural number k a family of k -free A-modules G which are separable as abelian groups with special decompositions. Recall that an A-module G is k -free if every subset of size < k is contained in a free submodule (we will refine this in Definition 3.2); and it is separable as an abelian group if any finite subset of G is contained in a free direct summand of G. Despite the fact that such a module G is...

( n , d ) -injective covers, n -coherent rings, and ( n , d ) -rings

Weiqing Li, Baiyu Ouyang (2014)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

It is known that a ring R is left Noetherian if and only if every left R -module has an injective (pre)cover. We show that ( 1 ) if R is a right n -coherent ring, then every right R -module has an ( n , d ) -injective (pre)cover; ( 2 ) if R is a ring such that every ( n , 0 ) -injective right R -module is n -pure extending, and if every right R -module has an ( n , 0 ) -injective cover, then R is right n -coherent. As applications of these results, we give some characterizations of ( n , d ) -rings, von Neumann regular rings and semisimple rings....

( σ , τ ) -derivations on prime near rings

Mohammad Ashraf, Asma Ali, Shakir Ali (2004)

Archivum Mathematicum

There is an increasing body of evidence that prime near-rings with derivations have ring like behavior, indeed, there are several results (see for example [1], [2], [3], [4], [5] and [8]) asserting that the existence of a suitably-constrained derivation on a prime near-ring forces the near-ring to be a ring. It is our purpose to explore further this ring like behaviour. In this paper we generalize some of the results due to Bell and Mason [4] on near-rings admitting a special type of derivation...

( φ , ϕ ) -derivations on semiprime rings and Banach algebras

Bilal Ahmad Wani (2021)

Communications in Mathematics

Let be a semiprime ring with unity e and φ , ϕ be automorphisms of . In this paper it is shown that if satisfies 2 𝒟 ( x n ) = 𝒟 ( x n - 1 ) φ ( x ) + ϕ ( x n - 1 ) 𝒟 ( x ) + 𝒟 ( x ) φ ( x n - 1 ) + ϕ ( x ) 𝒟 ( x n - 1 ) for all x and some fixed integer n 2 , then 𝒟 is an ( φ , ϕ )-derivation. Moreover, this result makes it possible to prove that if admits an additive mappings 𝒟 , 𝒢 : satisfying the relations 2 𝒟 ( x n ) = 𝒟 ( x n - 1 ) φ ( x ) + ϕ ( x n - 1 ) 𝒢 ( x ) + 𝒢 ( x ) φ ( x n - 1 ) + ϕ ( x ) 𝒢 ( x n - 1 ) , 2 𝒢 ( x n ) = 𝒢 ( x n - 1 ) φ ( x ) + ϕ ( x n - 1 ) 𝒟 ( x ) + 𝒟 ( x ) φ ( x n - 1 ) + ϕ ( x ) 𝒟 ( x n - 1 ) , for all x and some fixed integer n 2 , then 𝒟 and 𝒢 are ( φ , ϕ )derivations under some torsion restriction. Finally, we apply these purely ring theoretic results to semi-simple Banach algebras.

(1,4)-groups with homocyclic regulator quotient of exponent p³

David M. Arnold, Adolf Mader, Otto Mutzbauer, Ebru Solak (2015)

Colloquium Mathematicae

The class of almost completely decomposable groups with a critical typeset of type (1,4) and a homocyclic regulator quotient of exponent p³ is shown to be of bounded representation type. There are precisely four near-isomorphism classes of indecomposables, all of rank 6.

1-amenability of 𝒜(X) for Banach spaces with 1-unconditional bases

A. Blanco (2012)

Studia Mathematica

The main result of the note is a characterization of 1-amenability of Banach algebras of approximable operators for a class of Banach spaces with 1-unconditional bases in terms of a new basis property. It is also shown that amenability and symmetric amenability are equivalent concepts for Banach algebras of approximable operators, and that a type of Banach space that was long suspected to lack property 𝔸 has in fact the property. Some further ideas on the problem of whether or not amenability (in...

2-local Jordan automorphisms on operator algebras

Ajda Fošner (2012)

Studia Mathematica

We investigate 2-local Jordan automorphisms on operator algebras. In particular, we show that every 2-local Jordan automorphism of the algebra of all n× n real or complex matrices is either an automorphism or an anti-automorphism. The same is true for 2-local Jordan automorphisms of any subalgebra of ℬ which contains the ideal of all compact operators on X, where X is a real or complex separable Banach spaces and ℬ is the algebra of all bounded linear operators on X.

2-local Lie isomorphisms of operator algebras on Banach spaces

Lin Chen, Lizhong Huang, Fangyan Lu (2015)

Studia Mathematica

Let X and Y be complex Banach spaces of dimension greater than 2. We show that every 2-local Lie isomorphism ϕ of B(X) onto B(Y) has the form ϕ = φ + τ, where φ is an isomorphism or the negative of an anti-isomorphism of B(X) onto B(Y), and τ is a homogeneous map from B(X) into ℂI vanishing on all finite sums of commutators.

A Basis for Z-Graded Identities of Matrices over Infinite Fields

Azevedo, Sergio (2003)

Serdica Mathematical Journal

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 16R10, 16R20, 16R50The algebra Mn(K) of the matrices n × n over a field K can be regarded as a Z-graded algebra. In this paper, it is proved that if K is an infinite field, all the Z-graded polynomial identities of Mn(K) follow from the identities: x = 0, |α(x)| ≥ n, xy = yx, α(x) = α(y) = 0, xyz = zyx, α(x) = −α(y) = α(z ), where α is the degree of the corresponding variable. This is a generalization of a result of Vasilovsky about the Z-graded identities...

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