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A bifurcation theorem for noncoercive integral functionals

Francesca Faraci (2004)

Commentationes Mathematicae Universitatis Carolinae

In this paper we study the existence of critical points for noncoercive functionals, whose principal part has a degenerate coerciveness. A bifurcation result at zero for the associated differential operator is established.

A bifurcation theory for some nonlinear elliptic equations

Biagio Ricceri (2003)

Colloquium Mathematicae

We deal with the problem ⎧ -Δu = f(x,u) + λg(x,u), in Ω, ⎨ ( P λ ) ⎩ u Ω = 0 where Ω ⊂ ℝⁿ is a bounded domain, λ ∈ ℝ, and f,g: Ω×ℝ → ℝ are two Carathéodory functions with f(x,0) = g(x,0) = 0. Under suitable assumptions, we prove that there exists λ* > 0 such that, for each λ ∈ (0,λ*), problem ( P λ ) admits a non-zero, non-negative strong solution u λ p 2 W 2 , p ( Ω ) such that l i m λ 0 | | u λ | | W 2 , p ( Ω ) = 0 for all p ≥ 2. Moreover, the function λ I λ ( u λ ) is negative and decreasing in ]0,λ*[, where I λ is the energy functional related to ( P λ ).

A reduced model for domain walls in soft ferromagnetic films at the cross-over from symmetric to asymmetric wall types

Lucas Döring, Radu Ignat, Felix Otto (2014)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

We study the Landau-Lifshitz model for the energy of multi-scale transition layers – called “domain walls” – in soft ferromagnetic films. Domain walls separate domains of constant magnetization vectors m α ± 𝕊 2 that differ by an angle 2 α . Assuming translation invariance tangential to the wall, our main result is the rigorous derivation of a reduced model for the energy of the optimal transition layer, which in a certain parameter regime confirms the experimental, numerical and physical predictions: The...

A variational approach to bifurcation in reaction-diffusion systems with Signorini type boundary conditions

Jamol I. Baltaev, Milan Kučera, Martin Väth (2012)

Applications of Mathematics

We consider a simple reaction-diffusion system exhibiting Turing's diffusion driven instability if supplemented with classical homogeneous mixed boundary conditions. We consider the case when the Neumann boundary condition is replaced by a unilateral condition of Signorini type on a part of the boundary and show the existence and location of bifurcation of stationary spatially non-homogeneous solutions. The nonsymmetric problem is reformulated as a single variational inequality with a potential...

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