Page 1

Displaying 1 – 18 of 18

Showing per page

A strong maximum principle for the Paneitz operator and a non-local flow for the Q -curvature

Matthew J. Gursky, Andrea Malchiodi (2015)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

In this paper we consider Riemannian manifolds ( M n , g ) of dimension n 5 , with semi-positive Q -curvature and non-negative scalar curvature. Under these assumptions we prove (i) the Paneitz operator satisfies a strong maximum principle; (ii) the Paneitz operator is a positive operator; and (iii) its Green’s function is strictly positive. We then introduce a non-local flow whose stationary points are metrics of constant positive Q -curvature. Modifying the test function construction of Esposito-Robert, we show...

An existence theorem for the Yamabe problem on manifolds with boundary

Simon Brendle, Szu-Yu Sophie Chen (2014)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

Let ( M , g ) be a compact Riemannian manifold with boundary. We consider the problem (first studied by Escobar in 1992) of finding a conformal metric with constant scalar curvature in the interior and zero mean curvature on the boundary. Using a local test function construction, we are able to settle most cases left open by Escobar’s work. Moreover, we reduce the remaining cases to the positive mass theorem.

Counterexamples to the Strichartz inequalities for the wave equation in general domains with boundary

Oana Ivanovici (2012)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

In this paper we consider a smooth and bounded domain Ω d of dimension d 2 with boundary and we construct sequences of solutions to the wave equation with Dirichlet boundary condition which contradict the Strichartz estimates of the free space, providing losses of derivatives at least for a subset of the usual range of indices. This is due to microlocal phenomena such as caustics generated in arbitrarily small time near the boundary. Moreover, the result holds for microlocally strictly convex domains...

Homogenization of a carcinogenesis model with different scalings with the homogenization parameter

Isabell Graf, Malte A. Peter (2014)

Mathematica Bohemica

In the context of periodic homogenization based on two-scale convergence, we homogenize a linear system of four coupled reaction-diffusion equations, two of which are defined on a manifold. The system describes the most important subprocesses modeling the carcinogenesis of a human cell caused by Benzo-[a]-pyrene molecules. These molecules are activated to carcinogens in a series of chemical reactions at the surface of the endoplasmic reticulum, which constitutes a fine structure inside the cell....

Killing spinor-valued forms and the cone construction

Petr Somberg, Petr Zima (2016)

Archivum Mathematicum

On a pseudo-Riemannian manifold 𝕄 we introduce a system of partial differential Killing type equations for spinor-valued differential forms, and study their basic properties. We discuss the relationship between solutions of Killing equations on 𝕄 and parallel fields on the metric cone over 𝕄 for spinor-valued forms.

Local energy decay for several evolution equations on asymptotically euclidean manifolds

Jean-François Bony, Dietrich Häfner (2012)

Annales scientifiques de l'École Normale Supérieure

Let  P be a long range metric perturbation of the Euclidean Laplacian on  d , d 2 . We prove local energy decay for the solutions of the wave, Klein-Gordon and Schrödinger equations associated to  P . The problem is decomposed in a low and high frequency analysis. For the high energy part, we assume a non trapping condition. For low (resp. high) frequencies we obtain a general result about the local energy decay for the group e i t f ( P ) where f has a suitable development at zero (resp. infinity).

Multiplicity bounds for Steklov eigenvalues on Riemannian surfaces

Mikhail Karpukhin, Gerasim Kokarev, Iosif Polterovich (2014)

Annales de l’institut Fourier

We prove two explicit bounds for the multiplicities of Steklov eigenvalues σ k on compact surfaces with boundary. One of the bounds depends only on the genus of a surface and the index k of an eigenvalue, while the other depends as well on the number of boundary components. We also show that on any given Riemannian surface with smooth boundary the multiplicities of Steklov eigenvalues σ k are uniformly bounded in k .

Probabilistic well-posedness for the cubic wave equation

Nicolas Burq, Nikolay Tzvetkov (2014)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

The purpose of this article is to introduce for dispersive partial differential equations with random initial data, the notion of well-posedness (in the Hadamard-probabilistic sense). We restrict the study to one of the simplest examples of such equations: the periodic cubic semi-linear wave equation. Our contributions in this work are twofold: first we break the algebraic rigidity involved in our previous works and allow much more general randomizations (general infinite product measures v.s. Gibbs...

Recent results on stationary critical Kirchhoff systems in closed manifolds

Emmanuel Hebey, Pierre-Damien Thizy (2013/2014)

Séminaire Laurent Schwartz — EDP et applications

We report on results we recently obtained in Hebey and Thizy [11, 12] for critical stationary Kirchhoff systems in closed manifolds. Let ( M n , g ) be a closed n -manifold, n 3 . The critical Kirchhoff systems we consider are written as a + b j = 1 p M | u j | 2 d v g Δ g u i + j = 1 p A i j u j = U 2 - 2 u i for all i = 1 , , p , where Δ g is the Laplace-Beltrami operator, A is a C 1 -map from M into the space M s p ( ) of symmetric p × p matrices with real entries, the A i j ’s are the components of A , U = ( u 1 , , u p ) , | U | : M is the Euclidean norm of U , 2 = 2 n n - 2 is the critical Sobolev exponent, and we require that u i 0 in M for all i = 1 , , p . We...

Sharp bounds for the intersection of nodal lines with certain curves

Junehyuk Jung (2014)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

Let Y be a hyperbolic surface and let φ be a Laplacian eigenfunction having eigenvalue - 1 / 4 - τ 2 with τ > 0 . Let N ( φ ) be the set of nodal lines of φ . For a fixed analytic curve γ of finite length, we study the number of intersections between N ( φ ) and γ in terms of τ . When Y is compact and γ a geodesic circle, or when Y has finite volume and γ is a closed horocycle, we prove that γ is “good” in the sense of [TZ]. As a result, we obtain that the number of intersections between N ( φ ) and γ is O ( τ ) . This bound is sharp.

The boundary value problem for Dirac-harmonic maps

Qun Chen, Jürgen Jost, Guofang Wang, Miaomiao Zhu (2013)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

Dirac-harmonic maps are a mathematical version (with commuting variables only) of the solutions of the field equations of the non-linear supersymmetric sigma model of quantum field theory. We explain this structure, including the appropriate boundary conditions, in a geometric framework. The main results of our paper are concerned with the analytic regularity theory of such Dirac-harmonic maps. We study Dirac-harmonic maps from a Riemannian surface to an arbitrary compact Riemannian manifold. We...

The null condition and global existence for nonlinear wave equations on slowly rotating Kerr spacetimes

Jonathan Luk (2013)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

We study a semilinear equation with derivatives satisfying a null condition on slowly rotating Kerr spacetimes. We prove that given sufficiently small initial data, the solution exists globally in time and decays with a quantitative rate to the trivial solution. The proof uses the robust vector field method. It makes use of the decay properties of the linear wave equation on Kerr spacetime, in particular the improved decay rates in the region { r t 4 } .

The Regularization of the Second Order Lagrangians in Example

Dana Smetanová (2016)

Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Facultas Rerum Naturalium. Mathematica

This paper is devoted to geometric formulation of the regular (resp. strongly regular) Hamiltonian system. The notion of the regularization of the second order Lagrangians is presented. The regularization procedure is applied to concrete example.

The verification of the Nirenberg-Treves conjecture

Nicolas Lerner (2005/2006)

Séminaire Bourbaki

In a series of recent papers, Nils Dencker proves that condition ( ψ ) implies the local solvability of principal type pseudodifferential operators (with loss of 3 2 + ϵ derivatives for all positive ϵ ), verifying the last part of the Nirenberg-Treves conjecture, formulated in 1971. The origin of this question goes back to the Hans Lewy counterexample, published in 1957. In this text, we follow the pattern of Dencker’s papers, and we provide a proof of local solvability with a loss of 3 2 derivatives.

Currently displaying 1 – 18 of 18

Page 1