### A characterization of the algebra of holomorphic functions on simply connected domain.

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We establish a Künneth formula for some chain complexes in the categories of Fréchet and Banach spaces. We consider a complex of Banach spaces and continuous boundary maps dₙ with closed ranges and prove that Hⁿ(’) ≅ Hₙ()’, where Hₙ()’ is the dual space of the homology group of and Hⁿ(’) is the cohomology group of the dual complex ’. A Künneth formula for chain complexes of nuclear Fréchet spaces and continuous boundary maps with closed ranges is also obtained. This enables us to describe explicitly...

We construct an example of a Fréchet m-convex algebra which is a principal ideal domain, and has the unit disk as the maximal ideal space.

Semisimple commutative Banach algebras 𝓐 admitting exactly one uniform norm (not necessarily complete) are investigated. 𝓐 has this Unique Uniform Norm Property iff the completion U(𝓐) of 𝓐 in the spectral radius r(·) has UUNP and, for any non-zero spectral synthesis ideal ℐ of U(𝓐), ℐ ∩ 𝓐 is non-zero. 𝓐 is regular iff U(𝓐) is regular and, for any spectral synthesis ideal ℐ of 𝓐, 𝓐/ℐ has UUNP iff U(𝓐) is regular and for any spectral synthesis ideal ℐ of U(𝓐), ℐ = k(h(𝓐 ∩ ℐ)) (hulls...

The theory of quasimultipliers in Banach algebras is developed in order to provide a mechanism for defining the boundary values of analytic semigroups on a sector in the complex plane. Then, some methods are presented for deriving lower estimates for operators defined in terms of quasinilpotent semigroups using techniques from the theory of complex analysis.

For a multiplier on a semisimple commutative Banach algebra, the decomposability in the sense of Foiaş will be related to certain continuity properties and growth conditions of its Gelfand transform on the spectrum of the multiplier algebra. If the multiplier algebra is regular, then all multipliers will be seen to be decomposable. In general, an important tool will be the hull-kernel topology on the spectrum of the typically nonregular multiplier algebra. Our investigation involves various closed...

We describe all those commutative Fréchet algebras which may be continuously embedded in the algebra ℂ[[X]] in such a way that they contain the polynomials. It is shown that these algebras (except ℂ[[X]] itself) always satisfy a certain equicontinuity condition due to Loy. Using this result, some applications to the theory of automatic continuity are given; in particular, the uniqueness of the Fréchet algebra topology for such algebras is established.

Bade, Curtis and Dales have introduced the idea of weak amenability. A commutative Banach algebra A is weakly amenable if there are no non-zero continuous derivations from A to A*. We extend this by defining an alternating n-derivation to be an alternating n-linear map from A to A* which is a derivation in each of its variables. Then we say that A is n-dimensionally weakly amenable if there are no non-zero continuous alternating n-derivations on A. Alternating n-derivations are the same as alternating...

It is a long standing open problem whether there is any infinite-dimensional commutative Banach algebra without nontrivial closed ideals. This is in some sense the Banach algebraists' counterpart to the invariant subspace problem for Banach spaces. We do not here solve this famous problem, but solve a related problem, that of finding (necessarily commutative) infinite-dimensional normed algebras which do not even have nontrivial closed subalgebras. Our examples are incomplete normed algebras rather...

We construct two Banach algebras, one which contains analytic semigroups ${\left({a}^{z}\right)}_{Rez>0}$ such that $|{a}^{1+iy}|\to \infty $ arbitrarily slowly as $\left|y\right|\to \infty $, the other which contains ones such that $|{a}^{1+iy}|\to \infty $ arbitrarily fast