### A fractional calculus approach to the mechanics of fractal media.

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We consider a quasistatic contact problem for an electro-viscoelastic body. The contact is frictional and bilateral with a moving rigid foundation which results in the wear of the contacting surface. The damage of the material caused by elastic deformation is taken into account, its evolution is described by an inclusion of parabolic type. We present a weak formulation for the model and establish existence and uniqueness results. The proofs are based on classical results for elliptic variational...

In the plastic constitutive laws the yield functions are assumed to be linear in the stresses, but generally non-linear in the internal variables which are non-decreasing measures of the contribution to plastic strains by each face of the yield surface. The structural models referred to for simplicity are aggregates of constant-strain finite elements. Influence of geometry changes on equilibrium are allowed for in a linearized way (the equilibrium equation contains a bilinear term in the displacements...

The influence of a seismic wave on a building is customarily described as a force, a function of the time, whose explicit expression is prescribed. We here suggest a one-dimensional model able to relate this force to the sudden onset of a fault in the rock layer on which the building is built.

This paper is devoted to the introduction of a new variant of the extended finite element method (Xfem) for the approximation of elastostatic fracture problems. This variant consists in a reduced basis strategy for the definition of the crack tip enrichment. It is particularly adapted when the asymptotic crack-tip displacement is complex or even unknown. We give a mathematical result of quasi-optimal a priori error estimate and some computational tests including a comparison with some other strategies....

We investigate unilateral contact problems with cohesive forces, leading to the constrained minimization of a possibly nonconvex functional. We analyze the mathematical structure of the minimization problem. The problem is reformulated in terms of a three-field augmented Lagrangian, and sufficient conditions for the existence of a local saddle-point are derived. Then, we derive and analyze mixed finite element approximations to the stationarity conditions of the three-field augmented Lagrangian....

We consider a quasistatic system involving a Volterra kernel modelling an hereditarily-elastic aging body. We are concerned with the behavior of displacement and stress fields in the neighborhood of cracks. In this paper, we investigate the case of a straight crack in a two-dimensional domain with a possibly anisotropic material law. We study the asymptotics of the time dependent solution near the crack tips. We prove that, depending on the regularity of the material law and the Volterra kernel,...

In this work we consider a solid body $\Omega \subset {\mathbb{R}}^{3}$ constituted by a nonhomogeneous elastoplastic material, submitted to a density of body forces $\lambda f$ and a density of forces $\lambda g$ acting on the boundary where the real $\lambda $ is the loading parameter. The problem is to determine, in the case of an unbounded convex of elasticity, the Limit load denoted by $\overline{\lambda}$ beyond which there is a break of the structure. The case of a bounded convex of elasticity is done in [El-Fekih and Hadhri, RAIRO: Modél. Math. Anal. Numér. 29 (1995)...