### A class of rings which are algebraic over the integers.

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The purpose of this paper is to prove the following result: Let $R$ be a $2$-torsion free semiprime ring and let $T:R\to R$ be an additive mapping, such that $2T\left({x}^{2}\right)=T\left(x\right)x+xT\left(x\right)$ holds for all $x\in R$. In this case $T$ is left and right centralizer.

Let $R$ be a prime ring of characteristic different from $2$, $U$ the Utumi quotient ring of $R$, $C=Z\left(U\right)$ the extended centroid of $R$, $L$ a non-central Lie ideal of $R$, $F$ a non-zero generalized derivation of $R$. Suppose that $\left[F\right(u),u]F\left(u\right)=0$ for all $u\in L$, then one of the following holds: (1) there exists $\alpha \in C$ such that $F\left(x\right)=\alpha x$ for all $x\in R$; (2) $R$ satisfies the standard identity ${s}_{4}$ and there exist $a\in U$ and $\alpha \in C$ such that $F\left(x\right)=ax+xa+\alpha x$ for all $x\in R$. We also extend the result to the one-sided case. Finally, as an application we obtain some range inclusion results of...

Let $R$ be a prime ring of characteristic different from 2 and 3, ${Q}_{r}$ its right Martindale quotient ring, $C$ its extended centroid, $L$ a non-central Lie ideal of $R$ and $n\ge 1$ a fixed positive integer. Let $\alpha $ be an automorphism of the ring $R$. An additive map $D:R\to R$ is called an $\alpha $-derivation (or a skew derivation) on $R$ if $D\left(xy\right)=D\left(x\right)y+\alpha \left(x\right)D\left(y\right)$ for all $x,y\in R$. An additive mapping $F:R\to R$ is called a generalized $\alpha $-derivation (or a generalized skew derivation) on $R$ if there exists a skew derivation $D$ on $R$ such that $F\left(xy\right)=F\left(x\right)y+\alpha \left(x\right)D\left(y\right)$ for all $x,y\in R$. We prove that, if $F$...

Let $R$ be a prime ring of characteristic different from 2, ${Q}_{r}$ its right Martindale quotient ring and $C$ its extended centroid. Suppose that $F$, $G$ are generalized skew derivations of $R$ with the same associated automorphism $\alpha $, and $p({x}_{1},...,{x}_{n})$ is a non-central polynomial over $C$ such that $$\left[F\right(x),\alpha (y\left)\right]=G\left(\right[x,y\left]\right)$$ for all $x,y\in \{p({r}_{1},...,{r}_{n}):{r}_{1},...,{r}_{n}\in R\}$. Then there exists $\lambda \in C$ such that $F\left(x\right)=G\left(x\right)=\lambda \alpha \left(x\right)$ for all $x\in R$.