### ${\mathbb{A}}^{1}$-homotopy theory.

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It is known that a ring $R$ is left Noetherian if and only if every left $R$-module has an injective (pre)cover. We show that $\left(1\right)$ if $R$ is a right $n$-coherent ring, then every right $R$-module has an $(n,d)$-injective (pre)cover; $\left(2\right)$ if $R$ is a ring such that every $(n,0)$-injective right $R$-module is $n$-pure extending, and if every right $R$-module has an $(n,0)$-injective cover, then $R$ is right $n$-coherent. As applications of these results, we give some characterizations of $(n,d)$-rings, von Neumann regular rings and semisimple rings....

We introduce the concept of firm classes of morphisms as basis for the axiomatic study of completions of objects in arbitrary categories. Results on objects injective with respect to given morphism classes are included. In a finitely well-complete category, firm classes are precisely the coessential first factors of morphism factorization structures.

We complete the characterization of Ext(G,ℤ) for any torsion-free abelian group G assuming Gödel’s axiom of constructibility plus there is no weakly compact cardinal. In particular, we prove in (V = L) that, for a singular cardinal ν of uncountable cofinality which is less than the first weakly compact cardinal and for every sequence $({\nu}_{p}:p\in \Pi )$ of cardinals satisfying ${\nu}_{p}\le {2}^{\nu}$ (where Π is the set of all primes), there is a torsion-free abelian group G of size ν such that ${\nu}_{p}$ equals the p-rank of Ext(G,ℤ) for every...

We develop a machinery of Chen iterated integrals for higher Hochschild complexes. These are complexes whose differentials are modeled on an arbitrary simplicial set much in the same way the ordinary Hochschild differential is modeled on the circle. We use these to give algebraic models for general mapping spaces and define and study the surface product operation on the homology of mapping spaces of surfaces of all genera into a manifold. This is an analogue of the loop product in string topology....

We show that every small homotopy functor from spectra to spectra is weakly equivalent to a filtered colimit of representable functors represented in cofibrant spectra. Moreover, we present this classification as a Quillen equivalence of the category of small functors from spectra to spectra equipped with the homotopy model structure and the opposite of the pro-category of spectra with the strict model structure.

We employ the sl(2) foam cohomology to define a cohomology theory for oriented framed tangles whose components are labeled by irreducible representations of ${U}_{q}\left(sl\left(2\right)\right)$. We show that the corresponding colored invariants of tangles can be assembled into invariants of bigger tangles. For the case of knots and links, the corresponding theory is a categorification of the colored Jones polynomial, and provides a tool for efficient computations of the resulting colored invariant of knots and links. Our theory is...

We construct a simplicial locally convex algebra, whose weak dual is the standard cosimplicial topological space. The construction is carried out in a purely categorical way, so that it can be used to construct (co)simplicial objects in a variety of categories --- in particular, the standard cosimplicial topological space can be produced.