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A characterization of isochronous centres in terms of symmetries.

Emilio Freire, Gasull, Armengol, Guillamon, Antoni 2 (2004)

Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

We present a description of isochronous centres of planar vector fields X by means of their groups of symmetries. More precisely, given a normalizer U of X (i.e., [X,U]= µ X, where µ is a scalar function), we provide a necessary and sufficient isochronicity condition based on µ. This criterion extends the result of Sabatini and Villarini that establishes the equivalence between isochronicity and the existence of commutators ([X,U]= 0). We put also special emphasis on the mechanical aspects of isochronicity;...

A class of integrable polynomial vector fields

Javier Chavarriga (1995)

Applicationes Mathematicae

We study the integrability of two-dimensional autonomous systems in the plane of the form = - y + X s ( x , y ) , = x + Y s ( x , y ) , where Xs(x,y) and Ys(x,y) are homogeneous polynomials of degree s with s≥2. First, we give a method for finding polynomial particular solutions and next we characterize a class of integrable systems which have a null divergence factor given by a quadratic polynomial in the variable ( x 2 + y 2 ) s / 2 - 1 with coefficients being functions of tan−1(y/x).

A comparison theorem for linear delay differential equations

Jozef Džurina (1995)

Archivum Mathematicum

In this paper property (A) of the linear delay differential equation L n u ( t ) + p ( t ) u ( τ ( t ) ) = 0 , is to deduce from the oscillation of a set of the first order delay differential equations.

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