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A continuous finite element method with face penalty to approximate Friedrichs' systems

Erik Burman, Alexandre Ern (2007)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

A continuous finite element method to approximate Friedrichs' systems is proposed and analyzed. Stability is achieved by penalizing the jumps across mesh interfaces of the normal derivative of some components of the discrete solution. The convergence analysis leads to optimal convergence rates in the graph norm and suboptimal of order ½ convergence rates in the L2-norm. A variant of the method specialized to Friedrichs' systems associated with elliptic PDE's in mixed form and reducing the number...

Analysis of a Population Model Structured by the Cells Molecular Content

M. Doumic (2010)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

We study the mathematical properties of a general model of cell division structured with several internal variables. We begin with a simpler and specific model with two variables, we solve the eigenvalue problem with strong or weak assumptions, and deduce from it the long-time convergence. The main difficulty comes from natural degeneracy of birth terms that we overcome with a regularization technique. We then extend the results to the case with several parameters and recall the link between this...

Estimates of solutions to linear elliptic systems and equations

Heinrich Begehr (1992)

Banach Center Publications

Whenever nonlinear problems have to be solved through approximation methods by solving related linear problems a priori estimates are very useful. In the following this kind of estimates are presented for a variety of equations related to generalized first order Beltrami systems in the plane and for second order elliptic equations in m . Different types of boundary value problems are considered. For Beltrami systems these are the Riemann-Hilbert, the Riemann and the Poincaré problem, while for elliptic...

Hardy and Hardy-Sobolev Spaces on Strongly Lipschitz Domains and Some Applications

Xiaming Chen, Renjin Jiang, Dachun Yang (2016)

Analysis and Geometry in Metric Spaces

Let Ω ⊂ Rn be a strongly Lipschitz domain. In this article, the authors study Hardy spaces, Hpr (Ω)and Hpz (Ω), and Hardy-Sobolev spaces, H1,pr (Ω) and H1,pz,0 (Ω) on , for p ∈ ( n/n+1, 1]. The authors establish grand maximal function characterizations of these spaces. As applications, the authors obtain some div-curl lemmas in these settings and, when is a bounded Lipschitz domain, the authors prove that the divergence equation div u = f for f ∈ Hpz (Ω) is solvable in H1,pz,0 (Ω) with suitable...

On the distribution of free path lengths for the periodic Lorentz gas II

François Golse, Bernt Wennberg (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

Consider the domain Z ϵ = { x n ; d i s t ( x , ϵ n ) > ϵ γ } and let the free path length be defined as τ ϵ ( x , v ) = inf { t > 0 ; x - t v Z ϵ } . In the Boltzmann-Grad scaling corresponding to γ = n n - 1 , it is shown that the limiting distribution φ ϵ of τ ϵ is bounded from below by an expression of the form C/t, for some C> 0. A numerical study seems to indicate that asymptotically for large t, φ ϵ C / t . This is an extension of a previous work [J. Bourgain et al., Comm. Math. Phys.190 (1998) 491-508]. As a consequence, it is proved that the linear Boltzmann type transport equation is inappropriate...

On the linear force-free fields in bounded and unbounded three-dimensional domains

Tahar-Zamène Boulmezaoud, Yvon Maday, Tahar Amari (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

Linear Force-free (or Beltrami) fields are three-components divergence-free fields solutions of the equation curlB = αB, where α is a real number. Such fields appear in many branches of physics like astrophysics, fluid mechanics, electromagnetics and plasma physics. In this paper, we deal with some related boundary value problems in multiply-connected bounded domains, in half-cylindrical domains and in exterior domains.

On the numerical approximation of first-order Hamilton-Jacobi equations

Rémi Abgrall, Vincent Perrier (2007)

International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

Some methods for the numerical approximation of time-dependent and steady first-order Hamilton-Jacobi equations are reviewed. Most of the discussion focuses on conformal triangular-type meshes, but we show how to extend this to the most general meshes. We review some first-order monotone schemes and also high-order ones specially dedicated to steady problems.

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