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A class of tridiagonal operators associated to some subshifts

Christian Hernández-Becerra, Benjamín A. Itzá-Ortiz (2016)

Open Mathematics

We consider a class of tridiagonal operators induced by not necessary pseudoergodic biinfinite sequences. Using only elementary techniques we prove that the numerical range of such operators is contained in the convex hull of the union of the numerical ranges of the operators corresponding to the constant biinfinite sequences; whilst the other inclusion is shown to hold when the constant sequences belong to the subshift generated by the given biinfinite sequence. Applying recent results by S. N....

Absolute continuity for Jacobi matrices with power-like weights

Wojciech Motyka (2007)

Colloquium Mathematicae

This work deals with a class of Jacobi matrices with power-like weights. The main theme is spectral analysis of matrices with zero diagonal and weights λ : = n α ( 1 + Δ ) where α ∈ (0,1]. Asymptotic formulas for generalized eigenvectors are given and absolute continuity of the matrices considered is proved. The last section is devoted to spectral analysis of Jacobi matrices with qₙ = n + 1 + (-1)ⁿ and λ = ( q n - 1 q ) .

An Exposition of the Connection between Limit-Periodic Potentials and Profinite Groups

Z. Gan (2010)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

We classify the hulls of different limit-periodic potentials and show that the hull of a limit-periodic potential is a procyclic group. We describe how limit-periodic potentials can be generated from a procyclic group and answer arising questions. As an expository paper, we discuss the connection between limit-periodic potentials and profinite groups as completely as possible and review some recent results on Schrödinger operators obtained in this...

Approximation and asymptotics of eigenvalues of unbounded self-adjoint Jacobi matrices acting in l 2 by the use of finite submatrices

Maria Malejki (2010)

Open Mathematics

We consider the problem of approximation of eigenvalues of a self-adjoint operator J defined by a Jacobi matrix in the Hilbert space l 2(ℕ) by eigenvalues of principal finite submatrices of an infinite Jacobi matrix that defines this operator. We assume the operator J is bounded from below with compact resolvent. In our research we estimate the asymptotics (with n → ∞) of the joint error of approximation for the eigenvalues, numbered from 1 to N; of J by the eigenvalues of the finite submatrix J...

Approximation of eigenvalues for unbounded Jacobi matrices using finite submatrices

Anne Monvel, Lech Zielinski (2014)

Open Mathematics

We consider an infinite Jacobi matrix with off-diagonal entries dominated by the diagonal entries going to infinity. The corresponding self-adjoint operator J has discrete spectrum and our purpose is to present results on the approximation of eigenvalues of J by eigenvalues of its finite submatrices.

Extensions, dilations and functional models of infinite Jacobi matrix

B. P. Allahverdiev (2005)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

A space of boundary values is constructed for the minimal symmetric operator generated by an infinite Jacobi matrix in the limit-circle case. A description of all maximal dissipative, accretive and selfadjoint extensions of such a symmetric operator is given in terms of boundary conditions at infinity. We construct a selfadjoint dilation of maximal dissipative operator and its incoming and outgoing spectral representations, which makes it possible to determine the scattering matrix of dilation....

Jacobi matrices on trees

Agnieszka M. Kazun, Ryszard Szwarc (2010)

Colloquium Mathematicae

Symmetric Jacobi matrices on one sided homogeneous trees are studied. Essential selfadjointness of these matrices turns out to depend on the structure of the tree. If a tree has one end and infinitely many origin points the matrix is always essentially selfadjoint independently of the growth of its coefficients. In case a tree has one origin and infinitely many ends, the essential selfadjointness is equivalent to that of an ordinary Jacobi matrix obtained by restriction to the so called radial functions....

Opening gaps in the spectrum of strictly ergodic Schrödinger operators

Artur Avila, Jairo Bochi, David Damanik (2012)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

We consider Schrödinger operators with dynamically defined potentials arising from continuous sampling along orbits of strictly ergodic transformations. The Gap Labeling Theorem states that the possible gaps in the spectrum can be canonically labelled by an at most countable set defined purely in terms of the dynamics. Which labels actually appear depends on the choice of the sampling function; the missing labels are said to correspond to collapsed gaps. Here we show that for any collapsed gap,...

Schrödinger Operator on the Zigzag Half-Nanotube in Magnetic Field

A. Iantchenko, E. Korotyaev (2010)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

We consider the zigzag half-nanotubes (tight-binding approximation) in a uniform magnetic field which is described by the magnetic Schrödinger operator with a periodic potential plus a finitely supported perturbation. We describe all eigenvalues and resonances of this operator, and theirs dependence on the magnetic field. The proof is reduced to the analysis of the periodic Jacobi operators on the half-line with finitely supported perturbations.

Semiclassical Analysis of the Largest Gap of Quasi-Periodic Schrödinger Operators

H. Krüger (2010)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

In this note, I wish to describe the first order semiclassical approximation to the spectrum of one frequency quasi-periodic operators. In the case of a sampling function with two critical points, the spectrum exhibits two gaps in the leading order approximation. Furthermore, I will give an example of a two frequency quasi-periodic operator, which has no gaps in the leading order of the semiclassical approximation.

Slowly oscillating perturbations of periodic Jacobi operators in l²(ℕ)

Marcin Moszyński (2009)

Studia Mathematica

We prove that the absolutely continuous part of the periodic Jacobi operator does not change (modulo unitary equivalence) under additive perturbations by compact Jacobi operators with weights and diagonals defined in terms of the Stolz classes of slowly oscillating sequences. This result substantially generalizes many previous results, e.g., the one which can be obtained directly by the abstract trace class perturbation theorem of Kato-Rosenblum. It also generalizes several results concerning perturbations...

Spectral analysis of unbounded Jacobi operators with oscillating entries

Jan Janas, Marcin Moszyński (2012)

Studia Mathematica

We describe the spectra of Jacobi operators J with some irregular entries. We divide ℝ into three “spectral regions” for J and using the subordinacy method and asymptotic methods based on some particular discrete versions of Levinson’s theorem we prove the absolute continuity in the first region and the pure pointness in the second. In the third region no information is given by the above methods, and we call it the “uncertainty region”. As an illustration, we introduce and analyse the OP family...

Spectral transition parameters for a class of Jacobi matrices

Joanne Dombrowski, Steen Pedersen (2002)

Studia Mathematica

This paper initially considers a class of unbounded Jacobi matrices defined by an increasing sequence of repeated weights. Spectral parameters are then introduced in various ways to allow the authors to study the nature and location of the spectrum as a function of these parameters.

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