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1-slim triangles and uniform hyperbolicity for arc graphs and curve graphs

Sebastian Hensel, Piotr Przytycki, Richard C. H. Webb (2015)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

We describe unicorn paths in the arc graph and show that they form 1-slim triangles and are invariant under taking subpaths. We deduce that all arc graphs are 7-hyperbolic. Considering the same paths in the arc and curve graph, this also shows that all curve graphs are 17-hyperbolic, including closed surfaces.

An equivalence criterion for 3-manifolds.

M. R. Casali (1997)

Revista Matemática de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Within geometric topology of 3-manifolds (with or without boundary), a representation theory exists, which makes use of 4-coloured graphs. Aim of this paper is to translate the homeomorphism problem for the represented manifolds into an equivalence problem for 4-coloured graphs, by means of a finite number of graph-moves, called dipole moves. Moreover, interesting consequences are obtained, which are related with the same problem in the n-dimensional setting.

An operator invariant for handlebody-knots

Kai Ishihara, Atsushi Ishii (2012)

Fundamenta Mathematicae

A handlebody-knot is a handlebody embedded in the 3-sphere. We improve Luo's result about markings on a surface, and show that an IH-move is sufficient to investigate handlebody-knots with spatial trivalent graphs without cut-edges. We also give fundamental moves with a height function for handlebody-tangles, which helps us to define operator invariants for handlebody-knots. By using the fundamental moves, we give an operator invariant.

Cell-like resolutions of polyhedra by special ones

Dušan Repovš, Arkady Skopenkov (2000)

Colloquium Mathematicae

Suppose that P is a finite 2-polyhedron. We prove that there exists a PL surjective map f:Q → P from a fake surface Q with preimages of f either points or arcs or 2-disks. This yields a reduction of the Whitehead asphericity conjecture (which asserts that every subpolyhedron of an aspherical 2-polyhedron is also aspherical) to the case of fake surfaces. Moreover, if the set of points of P having a neighbourhood homeomorphic to the 2-disk is a disjoint union of open 2-disks, and every point of P...

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