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A central scheme for shallow water flows along channels with irregular geometry

Jorge Balbás, Smadar Karni (2009)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

We present a new semi-discrete central scheme for one-dimensional shallow water flows along channels with non-uniform rectangular cross sections and bottom topography. The scheme preserves the positivity of the water height, and it is preserves steady-states of rest (i.e., it is well-balanced). Along with a detailed description of the scheme, numerous numerical examples are presented for unsteady and steady flows. Comparison with exact solutions illustrate the accuracy and robustness of the numerical...

A central scheme for shallow water flows along channels with irregular geometry

Jorge Balbás, Smadar Karni (2008)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We present a new semi-discrete central scheme for one-dimensional shallow water flows along channels with non-uniform rectangular cross sections and bottom topography. The scheme preserves the positivity of the water height, and it is preserves steady-states of rest (i.e., it is well-balanced). Along with a detailed description of the scheme, numerous numerical examples are presented for unsteady and steady flows. Comparison with exact solutions illustrate the accuracy and robustness of the numerical...

A Finite Element Model Based on Discontinuous Galerkin Methods on Moving Grids for Vertebrate Limb Pattern Formation

J. Zhu, Y.-T. Zhang, S. A. Newman, M. S. Alber (2009)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

Skeletal patterning in the vertebrate limb, i.e., the spatiotemporal regulation of cartilage differentiation (chondrogenesis) during embryogenesis and regeneration, is one of the best studied examples of a multicellular developmental process. Recently [Alber et al., The morphostatic limit for a model of skeletal pattern formation in the vertebrate limb, Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 2008, v70, pp. 460-483], a simplified two-equation reaction-diffusion system was developed to describe the interaction...

A hybrid scheme to compute contact discontinuities in one-dimensional Euler systems

Thierry Gallouët, Jean-Marc Hérard, Nicolas Seguin (2002)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The present paper is devoted to the computation of single phase or two phase flows using the single-fluid approach. Governing equations rely on Euler equations which may be supplemented by conservation laws for mass species. Emphasis is given on numerical modelling with help of Godunov scheme or an approximate form of Godunov scheme called VFRoe-ncv based on velocity and pressure variables. Three distinct classes of closure laws to express the internal energy in terms of pressure, density and additional...

A hybrid scheme to compute contact discontinuities in one-dimensional Euler systems

Thierry Gallouët, Jean-Marc Hérard, Nicolas Seguin (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The present paper is devoted to the computation of single phase or two phase flows using the single-fluid approach. Governing equations rely on Euler equations which may be supplemented by conservation laws for mass species. Emphasis is given on numerical modelling with help of Godunov scheme or an approximate form of Godunov scheme called VFRoe-ncv based on velocity and pressure variables. Three distinct classes of closure laws to express the internal energy in terms of pressure, density...

A Mathematical Model of Cancer Stem Cell Lineage Population Dynamics with Mutation Accumulation and Telomere Length Hierarchies

G. Kapitanov (2012)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

There is evidence that cancer develops when cells acquire a sequence of mutations that alter normal cell characteristics. This sequence determines a hierarchy among the cells, based on how many more mutations they need to accumulate in order to become cancerous. When cells divide, they exhibit telomere loss and differentiate, which defines another cell hierarchy, on top of which is the stem cell. We propose a mutation-generation model, which combines...

A numerical study of non-cavitating and cavitating liquid flow around a hydrofoil

François Beux, Maria-Vittoria Salvetti, Alexey Ignatyev, Ding Li, Charles Merkle, Edoardo Sinibaldi (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The results of a workshop concerning the numerical simulation of the liquid flow around a hydrofoil in non-cavitating and cavitating conditions are presented. This workshop was part of the conference “Mathematical and Numerical aspects of Low Mach Number Flows” (2004) and was aimed to investigate the capabilities of different compressible flow solvers for the low Mach number regime and for flows in which incompressible and supersonic regions are simultaneously present. Different physical models...

A numerical study of non-cavitating and cavitating liquid flow around a hydrofoil

François Beux, Maria-Vittoria Salvetti, Alexey Ignatyev, Ding Li, Charles Merkle, Edoardo Sinibaldi (2005)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The results of a workshop concerning the numerical simulation of the liquid flow around a hydrofoil in non-cavitating and cavitating conditions are presented. This workshop was part of the conference “Mathematical and Numerical aspects of Low Mach Number Flows” (2004) and was aimed to investigate the capabilities of different compressible flow solvers for the low Mach number regime and for flows in which incompressible and supersonic regions are simultaneously present. Different physical models...

A Q -scheme for a class of systems of coupled conservation laws with source term. Application to a two-layer 1-D shadow water system

Manuel Castro, Jorge Macías, Carlos Parés (2001)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The goal of this paper is to construct a first-order upwind scheme for solving the system of partial differential equations governing the one-dimensional flow of two superposed immiscible layers of shallow water fluids. This is done by generalizing a numerical scheme presented by Bermúdez and Vázquez-Cendón [3, 26, 27] for solving one-layer shallow water equations, consisting in a Q -scheme with a suitable treatment of the source terms. The difficulty in the two layer system comes from the coupling...

A Q-scheme for a class of systems of coupled conservation laws with source term. Application to a two-layer 1-D shallow water system

Manuel Castro, Jorge Macías, Carlos Parés (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The goal of this paper is to construct a first-order upwind scheme for solving the system of partial differential equations governing the one-dimensional flow of two superposed immiscible layers of shallow water fluids. This is done by generalizing a numerical scheme presented by Bermúdez and Vázquez-Cendón [3, 6, 27] for solving one-layer shallow water equations, consisting in a Q-scheme with a suitable treatment of the source terms. The difficulty in the two layer system comes from the coupling...

A Roe-type scheme for two-phase shallow granular flows over variable topography

Marica Pelanti, François Bouchut, Anne Mangeney (2008)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We study a depth-averaged model of gravity-driven flows made of solid grains and fluid, moving over variable basal surface. In particular, we are interested in applications to geophysical flows such as avalanches and debris flows, which typically contain both solid material and interstitial fluid. The model system consists of mass and momentum balance equations for the solid and fluid components, coupled together by both conservative and non-conservative terms involving the derivatives of the...

Acceleration of a fixed point algorithm for fluid-structure interaction using transpiration conditions

Simone Deparis, Miguel Angel Fernández, Luca Formaggia (2003)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

In this work, we address the numerical solution of fluid-structure interaction problems. This issue is particularly difficulty to tackle when the fluid and the solid densities are of the same order, for instance as it happens in hemodynamic applications, since fully implicit coupling schemes are required to ensure stability of the resulting method. Thus, at each time step, we have to solve a highly non-linear coupled system, since the fluid domain depends on the unknown displacement of the structure....

Acceleration of a fixed point algorithm for fluid-structure interaction using transpiration conditions

Simone Deparis, Miguel Angel Fernández, Luca Formaggia (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

In this work, we address the numerical solution of fluid-structure interaction problems. This issue is particularly difficulty to tackle when the fluid and the solid densities are of the same order, for instance as it happens in hemodynamic applications, since fully implicit coupling schemes are required to ensure stability of the resulting method. Thus, at each time step, we have to solve a highly non-linear coupled system, since the fluid domain depends on the unknown displacement of...

An approximate nonlinear projection scheme for a combustion model

Christophe Berthon, Didier Reignier (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The paper deals with the numerical resolution of the convection-diffusion system which arises when modeling combustion for turbulent flow. The considered model is of compressible turbulent reacting type where the turbulence-chemistry interactions are governed by additional balance equations. The system of PDE's, that governs such a model, turns out to be in non-conservation form and usual numerical approaches grossly fail in the capture of viscous shock layers. Put in other words, classical finite...

An approximate nonlinear projection scheme for a combustion model

Christophe Berthon, Didier Reignier (2003)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The paper deals with the numerical resolution of the convection-diffusion system which arises when modeling combustion for turbulent flow. The considered model is of compressible turbulent reacting type where the turbulence-chemistry interactions are governed by additional balance equations. The system of PDE’s, that governs such a model, turns out to be in non-conservation form and usual numerical approaches grossly fail in the capture of viscous shock layers. Put in other words, classical finite...

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