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A comparison of coupled and uncoupled solvers for the cardiac Bidomain model

P. Colli Franzone, L. F. Pavarino, S. Scacchi (2013)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The aim of this work is to compare a new uncoupled solver for the cardiac Bidomain model with a usual coupled solver. The Bidomain model describes the bioelectric activity of the cardiac tissue and consists of a system of a non-linear parabolic reaction-diffusion partial differential equation (PDE) and an elliptic linear PDE. This system models at macroscopic level the evolution of the transmembrane and extracellular electric potentials of the anisotropic cardiac tissue. The evolution equation is...

A domain splitting method for heat conduction problems in composite materials

Friedrich Karl Hebeker (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We consider a domain decomposition method for some unsteady heat conduction problem in composite structures. This linear model problem is obtained by homogenization of thin layers of fibres embedded into some standard material. For ease of presentation we consider the case of two space dimensions only. The set of finite element equations obtained by the backward Euler scheme is parallelized in a problem-oriented fashion by some noniterative overlapping domain splitting method, eventually enhanced...

A Multiscale Model Reduction Method for Partial Differential Equations

Maolin Ci, Thomas Y. Hou, Zuoqiang Shi (2014)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

We propose a multiscale model reduction method for partial differential equations. The main purpose of this method is to derive an effective equation for multiscale problems without scale separation. An essential ingredient of our method is to decompose the harmonic coordinates into a smooth part and a highly oscillatory part so that the smooth part is invertible and the highly oscillatory part is small. Such a decomposition plays a key role in our construction of the effective equation. We show...

A new domain decomposition method for the compressible Euler equations

Victorita Dolean, Frédéric Nataf (2006)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

In this work we design a new domain decomposition method for the Euler equations in 2 dimensions. The starting point is the equivalence with a third order scalar equation to whom we can apply an algorithm inspired from the Robin-Robin preconditioner for the convection-diffusion equation [Achdou and Nataf, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. I325 (1997) 1211–1216]. Afterwards we translate it into an algorithm for the initial system and prove that at the continuous level and for a decomposition into 2 sub-domains,...

A parallel algorithm for two phase multicomponent contaminant transport

Todd Arbogast, Clint N. Dawson, Mary F. Wheeler (1995)

Applications of Mathematics

We discuss the formulation of a simulator in three spatial dimensions for a multicomponent, two phase (air, water) system of groundwater flow and transport with biodegradation kinetics and wells with multiple screens. The simulator has been developed for parallel, distributed memory, message passing machines. The numerical procedures employed are a fully implicit expanded mixed finite element method for flow and either a characteristics-mixed method or a Godunov method for transport and reactions...

A Slideing Mesh-Mortar Method for a two Dimensional Currents Model of Electric Engines

Annalisa Buffa, Yvon Maday, Francesca Rapetti (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The paper deals with the application of a non-conforming domain decomposition method to the problem of the computation of induced currents in electric engines with moving conductors. The eddy currents model is considered as a quasi-static approximation of Maxwell equations and we study its two-dimensional formulation with either the modified magnetic vector potential or the magnetic field as primary variable. Two discretizations are proposed, the first one based on curved finite elements and the...

A sliding Mesh-Mortar method for a two dimensional Eddy currents model of electric engines

Annalisa Buffa, Yvon Maday, Francesca Rapetti (2001)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The paper deals with the application of a non-conforming domain decomposition method to the problem of the computation of induced currents in electric engines with moving conductors. The eddy currents model is considered as a quasi-static approximation of Maxwell equations and we study its two-dimensional formulation with either the modified magnetic vector potential or the magnetic field as primary variable. Two discretizations are proposed, the first one based on curved finite elements and the...

An Adaptive Multi-level method for Convection Diffusion Problems

Martine Marion, Adeline Mollard (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

In this article we introduce an adaptive multi-level method in space and time for convection diffusion problems. The scheme is based on a multi-level spatial splitting and the use of different time-steps. The temporal discretization relies on the characteristics method. We derive an a posteriori error estimate and design a corresponding adaptive algorithm. The efficiency of the multi-level method is illustrated by numerical experiments, in particular for a convection-dominated problem.

An asynchronous three-field domain decomposition method for first-order evolution problems

Krupička, Lukáš, Beneš, Michal (2015)

Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics

We present an asynchronous multi-domain time integration algorithm with a dual domain decomposition method for the initial boundary-value problems for a parabolic equation. For efficient parallel computing, we apply the three-field domain decomposition method with local Lagrange multipliers to ensure the continuity of the primary unknowns at the interface between subdomains. The implicit method for time discretization and the multi-domain spatial decomposition enable us to use different time steps...

An Ingham type proof for a two-grid observability theorem

Michel Mehrenberger, Paola Loreti (2008)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

Here, we prove the uniform observability of a two-grid method for the semi-discretization of the 1 D -wave equation for a time T > 2 2 ; this time, if the observation is made in ( - T / 2 , T / 2 ) , is optimal and this result improves an earlier work of Negreanu and Zuazua [C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. I 338 (2004) 413–418]. Our proof follows an Ingham type approach.

An Ingham type proof for a two-grid observability theorem

Paola Loreti, Michel Mehrenberger (2007)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

Here, we prove the uniform observability of a two-grid method for the semi-discretization of the 1D-wave equation for a time T > 2 2 ; this time, if the observation is made in ( - T / 2 , T / 2 ) , is optimal and this result improves an earlier work of Negreanu and Zuazua [C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. I338 (2004) 413–418]. Our proof follows an Ingham type approach.

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