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2D simulation of flow behind a heated cylinder using spectral element approach with variable coefficients

Pech, Jan (2015)

Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics

The scheme for the numerical solution of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations coupled with the equation for temperature through the temperature dependent viscosity and thermal conductivity coefficients is presented. It is applied, together with the spectral element method, to the 2D calculations of flow around heated cylinder. High order polynomial approximation is combined with the decomposition of whole computational domain to only a few elements. Resulting data are compared with the experimental...

3D monolithic finite element approach for aero-thermics processes in industrial furnaces⋆

E. Hachem, E. Massoni, T. Coupez (2011)

ESAIM: Proceedings

We consider in this paper a mathematical and numerical model to design an industrial software solution able to handle real complex furnaces configurations in terms of geometries, atmospheres, parts positioning, heat generators and physical thermal phenomena. A three dimensional algorithm based on stabilized finite element methods (SFEM) for solving the momentum, energy, turbulence and radiation equations is presented. An immersed volume method (IVM) for thermal coupling of fluids and solids is introduced...

4D Embryogenesis image analysis using PDE methods of image processing

Paul Bourgine, Róbert Čunderlík, Olga Drblíková-Stašová, Karol Mikula, Mariana Remešíková, Nadine Peyriéras, Barbara Rizzi, Alessandro Sarti (2010)

Kybernetika

In this paper, we introduce a set of methods for processing and analyzing long time series of 3D images representing embryo evolution. The images are obtained by in vivo scanning using a confocal microscope where one of the channels represents the cell nuclei and the other one the cell membranes. Our image processing chain consists of three steps: image filtering, object counting (center detection) and segmentation. The corresponding methods are based on numerical solution of nonlinear PDEs, namely...

A central scheme for shallow water flows along channels with irregular geometry

Jorge Balbás, Smadar Karni (2009)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

We present a new semi-discrete central scheme for one-dimensional shallow water flows along channels with non-uniform rectangular cross sections and bottom topography. The scheme preserves the positivity of the water height, and it is preserves steady-states of rest (i.e., it is well-balanced). Along with a detailed description of the scheme, numerous numerical examples are presented for unsteady and steady flows. Comparison with exact solutions illustrate the accuracy and robustness of the numerical...

A central scheme for shallow water flows along channels with irregular geometry

Jorge Balbás, Smadar Karni (2008)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We present a new semi-discrete central scheme for one-dimensional shallow water flows along channels with non-uniform rectangular cross sections and bottom topography. The scheme preserves the positivity of the water height, and it is preserves steady-states of rest (i.e., it is well-balanced). Along with a detailed description of the scheme, numerous numerical examples are presented for unsteady and steady flows. Comparison with exact solutions illustrate the accuracy and robustness of the numerical...

A class of time discrete schemes for a phase–field system of Penrose–Fife type

Olaf Klein (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

In this paper, a phase field system of Penrose–Fife type with non–conserved order parameter is considered. A class of time–discrete schemes for an initial–boundary value problem for this phase–field system is presented. In three space dimensions, convergence is proved and an error estimate linear with respect to the time–step size is derived.

A compactness result for a second-order variational discrete model

Andrea Braides, Anneliese Defranceschi, Enrico Vitali (2012)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

We analyze a nonlinear discrete scheme depending on second-order finite differences. This is the two-dimensional analog of a scheme which in one dimension approximates a free-discontinuity energy proposed by Blake and Zisserman as a higher-order correction of the Mumford and Shah functional. In two dimension we give a compactness result showing that the continuous problem approximating this difference scheme is still defined on special functions with bounded hessian, and we give an upper and a lower...

A compactness result for a second-order variational discrete model

Andrea Braides, Anneliese Defranceschi, Enrico Vitali (2011)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We analyze a nonlinear discrete scheme depending on second-order finite differences. This is the two-dimensional analog of a scheme which in one dimension approximates a free-discontinuity energy proposed by Blake and Zisserman as a higher-order correction of the Mumford and Shah functional. In two dimension we give a compactness result showing that the continuous problem approximating this difference scheme is still defined on special functions...

A compactness result in thin-film micromagnetics and the optimality of the Néel wall

Radu Ignat, Felix Otto (2008)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

In this paper, we study a model for the magnetization in thin ferromagnetic films. It comes as a variational problem for S 1 -valued maps m ' (the magnetization) of two variables x ' : E ε ( m ' ) = ε | ' · m ' | 2 d x ' + 1 2 | ' | - 1 / 2 ' · m ' 2 d x ' . We are interested in the behavior of minimizers as ε 0 . They are expected to be S 1 -valued maps m ' of vanishing distributional divergence ' · m ' = 0 , so that appropriate boundary conditions enforce line discontinuities. For finite ε > 0 , these line discontinuities are approximated by smooth transition layers, the so-called Néel walls. Néel...

A comparison of coupled and uncoupled solvers for the cardiac Bidomain model

P. Colli Franzone, L. F. Pavarino, S. Scacchi (2013)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The aim of this work is to compare a new uncoupled solver for the cardiac Bidomain model with a usual coupled solver. The Bidomain model describes the bioelectric activity of the cardiac tissue and consists of a system of a non-linear parabolic reaction-diffusion partial differential equation (PDE) and an elliptic linear PDE. This system models at macroscopic level the evolution of the transmembrane and extracellular electric potentials of the anisotropic cardiac tissue. The evolution equation is...

A comparison of the String Gradient Weighted Moving Finite Element method and a Parabolic Moving Mesh Partial Differential Equation method for solutions of partial differential equations

Abigail Wacher (2013)

Open Mathematics

We compare numerical experiments from the String Gradient Weighted Moving Finite Element method and a Parabolic Moving Mesh Partial Differential Equation method, applied to three benchmark problems based on two different partial differential equations. Both methods are described in detail and we highlight some strengths and weaknesses of each method via the numerical comparisons. The two equations used in the benchmark problems are the viscous Burgers’ equation and the porous medium equation, both...

A Computer Algebra Application to Determination of Lie Symmetries of Partial Differential Equations

Pulov, Vladimir, Chacarov, Edy, Uzunov, Ivan (2007)

Serdica Journal of Computing

The paper has been presented at the 12th International Conference on Applications of Computer Algebra, Varna, Bulgaria, June, 2006A MATHEMATICA package for finding Lie symmetries of partial differential equations is presented. The package is designed to create and solve the associated determining system of equations, the full set of solutions of which generates the widest permissible local Lie group of point symmetry transformations. Examples illustrating the functionality of the package's tools...

A conservative spectral element method for the approximation of compressible fluid flow

Kelly Black (1999)

Kybernetika

A method to approximate the Euler equations is presented. The method is a multi-domain approximation, and a variational form of the Euler equations is found by making use of the divergence theorem. The method is similar to that of the Discontinuous-Galerkin method of Cockburn and Shu, but the implementation is constructed through a spectral, multi-domain approach. The method is introduced and is shown to be a conservative scheme. A numerical example is given for the expanding flow around a point...

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