### A class of convex non-coercive functionals and masonry-like materials

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In questo lavoro sono dati alcuni modelli matematici per il problema di contatto tra una membrana ed un suolo od ostacolo elastico. Viene costruita una approssimazione lineare a tratti della soluzione e, tramite una disequazione variazionale discreta, se ne dà il corrispondente teorema di convergenza.

In the plastic constitutive laws the yield functions are assumed to be linear in the stresses, but generally non-linear in the internal variables which are non-decreasing measures of the contribution to plastic strains by each face of the yield surface. The structural models referred to for simplicity are aggregates of constant-strain finite elements. Influence of geometry changes on equilibrium are allowed for in a linearized way (the equilibrium equation contains a bilinear term in the displacements...

The concept of reduced plastic dissipation is introduced for a perfectly plastic rate-independent material not obeyng the associated normality rule and characterized by a strictly convex plastic potential function. A maximum principle is provided and shown to play the role of variational statement for the nonassociative constitutive equations. The Kuhn-Tucker conditions of this principle describe the actual material behaviour as that of a (fictitious) composite material with two plastic constituents,...

In the context of the linear, dynamic problem for elastic bodies with voids, a minimum principle in terms of mechanical energy is stated. Involving a suitable (Reiss type) function in the minimizing functional, the minimum character achieved in the Laplace-transform domain is preserved when going back to the original time domain. Initial-boundary conditions of quite general type are considered.

A new Schwarz method for nonlinear systems is presented, constituting the multiplicative variant of a straightforward additive scheme. Local convergence can be guaranteed under suitable assumptions. The scheme is applied to nonlinear acoustic-structure interaction problems. Numerical examples validate the theoretical results. Further improvements are discussed by means of introducing overlapping subdomains and employing an inexact strategy for the local solvers.