### A Finite-Difference Approximation for the Eigenvalue of the Clamped Plate.

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Vasculogenesis and angiogenesis are two different mechanisms for blood vessel formation. Angiogenesis occurs when new vessels sprout from pre-existing vasculature in response to external chemical stimuli. Vasculogenesis occurs via the reorganization of randomly distributed cells into a blood vessel network. Experimental models of vasculogenesis have suggested that the cells exert traction forces onto the extracellular matrix and that these forces may play an important role in the network forming...

A Mimetic Discretization method for the linear elasticity problem in mixed weakly symmetric form is developed. The scheme is shown to converge linearly in the mesh size, independently of the incompressibility parameter λ, provided the discrete scalar product satisfies two given conditions. Finally, a family of algebraic scalar products which respect the above conditions is detailed.

In this paper, we continue the study of the Raman amplification in plasmas that we initiated in [Colin and Colin, Diff. Int. Eqs. 17 (2004) 297–330; Colin and Colin, J. Comput. Appl. Math. 193 (2006) 535–562]. We point out that the Raman instability gives rise to three components. The first one is collinear to the incident laser pulse and counter propagates. In 2-D, the two other ones make a non-zero angle with the initial pulse and propagate forward. Furthermore they are symmetric with respect...

In this paper, we continue the study of the Raman amplification in plasmas that we initiated in [Colin and Colin, Diff. Int. Eqs.17 (2004) 297–330; Colin and Colin, J. Comput. Appl. Math.193 (2006) 535–562]. We point out that the Raman instability gives rise to three components. The first one is collinear to the incident laser pulse and counter propagates. In 2-D, the two other ones make a non-zero angle with the initial pulse and propagate forward. Furthermore they are symmetric with respect to...

In this paper, we study the dynamic frictional contact of a viscoelastic beam with a deformable obstacle. The beam is assumed to be situated horizontally and to move, in both horizontal and tangential directions, by the effect of applied forces. The left end of the beam is clamped and the right one is free. Its horizontal displacement is constrained because of the presence of a deformable obstacle, the so-called foundation, which is modelled by a normal compliance contact condition. The effect...

We introduce a new way of computation of time dependent partial differential equations using hybrid method FEM in space and FDM in time domain and explicit computational scheme. The key idea is quick transformation of standard basis functions into new simple basis functions. This new way is used for better computational efficiency. We explain this way of computation on an example of elastodynamic equation using quadrilateral elements. However, the method can be used for more types of elements and...

For a class of elastic-plastic constitutive laws with nonlinear kinematic and isotropic hardening, the problem of determining the response to a finite load step is formulated according to an implicit backward difference scheme (stepwise holonomic formulation), with reference to discrete structural models. This problem is shown to be amenable to a nonlinear mathematical programming problem and a criterion is derived which guarantees monotonie convergence of an iterative algorithm for the solution...

For the finite-step, backward-difference analysis of elastic-plastic solids in small strains, a kinematic (potential energy) and a static (complementary energy) extremum property of the step solution are given under the following hypotheses: each yield function is the sum of an equivalent stress and a yield limit; the former is a positively homogeneous function of order one of stresses, the latter a nonlinear function of nondecreasing internal variables; suitable conditions of "material stability"...

In this article we discuss numerical scheme for the approximation of the Willmore flow of graphs. The scheme is based on the finite difference method. We improve the scheme we presented in Oberhuber [Obe-2005-2,Obe-2005-1] which is based on combination of the forward and the backward finite differences. The new scheme approximates the Willmore flow by the central differences and as a result it better preserves symmetry of the solution. Since it requires higher regularity of the solution, additional...

Si discute l'applicazione di un procedimento per "differenza all'indietro" ("backward difference") all'integrazione numerica nel tempo di leggi costitutive elastoplastiche e se ne esaminano alcuni aspetti peculiari. Con riferimento a modelli costitutivi isotropi per i quali le funzioni di snervamento dipendono dall'invariante primo delle tensioni, dall'invariante secondo del deviatore delle tensioni e da opportune variabili interne, si ricavano le relazioni non lineari implicite in termini di incrementi...

Most building materials can be characterized as quasi-brittle composites with a cementitious matrix, reinforced by some stiffening particles or elements. Their massive exploitation motivates the development of numerical modelling and simulation of behaviour of such material class under mechanical, thermal, etc. loads, including the evaluation of the risk of initiation and development of micro- and macro-fracture. This paper demonstrates the possibility of certain deterministic prediction, applying...