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A diffuse interface fractional time-stepping technique for incompressible two-phase flows with moving contact lines

Abner J. Salgado (2013)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

For a two phase incompressible flow we consider a diffuse interface model aimed at addressing the movement of three-phase (fluid-fluid-solid) contact lines. The model consists of the Cahn Hilliard Navier Stokes system with a variant of the Navier slip boundary conditions. We show that this model possesses a natural energy law. For this system, a new numerical technique based on operator splitting and fractional time-stepping is proposed. The method is shown to be unconditionally stable. We present...

A mixed formulation of a sharp interface model of stokes flow with moving contact lines

Shawn W. Walker (2014)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

Two-phase fluid flows on substrates (i.e. wetting phenomena) are important in many industrial processes, such as micro-fluidics and coating flows. These flows include additional physical effects that occur near moving (three-phase) contact lines. We present a new 2-D variational (saddle-point) formulation of a Stokesian fluid with surface tension that interacts with a rigid substrate. The model is derived by an Onsager type principle using shape differential calculus (at the sharp-interface, front-tracking...

A robust entropy−satisfying finite volume scheme for the isentropic Baer−Nunziato model

Frédéric Coquel, Jean-Marc Hérard, Khaled Saleh, Nicolas Seguin (2014)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

We construct an approximate Riemann solver for the isentropic Baer−Nunziato two-phase flow model, that is able to cope with arbitrarily small values of the statistical phase fractions. The solver relies on a relaxation approximation of the model for which the Riemann problem is exactly solved for subsonic relative speeds. In an original manner, the Riemann solutions to the linearly degenerate relaxation system are allowed to dissipate the total energy in the vanishing phase regimes, thereby enforcing...

A uniqueness result for a model for mixtures in the absence of external forces and interaction momentum

Jens Frehse, Sonja Goj, Josef Málek (2005)

Applications of Mathematics

We consider a continuum model describing steady flows of a miscible mixture of two fluids. The densities ρ i of the fluids and their velocity fields u ( i ) are prescribed at infinity: ρ i | = ρ i > 0 , u ( i ) | = 0 . Neglecting the convective terms, we have proved earlier that weak solutions to such a reduced system exist. Here we establish a uniqueness type result: in the absence of the external forces and interaction terms, there is only one such solution, namely ρ i ρ i , u ( i ) 0 , i = 1 , 2 .

Air entrainment in transient flows in closed water pipes : A two-layer approach

C. Bourdarias, M. Ersoy, Stéphane Gerbi (2013)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

In this paper, we first construct a model for free surface flows that takes into account the air entrainment by a system of four partial differential equations. We derive it by taking averaged values of gas and fluid velocities on the cross surface flow in the Euler equations (incompressible for the fluid and compressible for the gas). The obtained system is conditionally hyperbolic. Then, we propose a mathematical kinetic interpretation of this system to finally construct a two-layer kinetic scheme...

Analyse mathématique de modèles variationells en simulation pétrolière. Le cas du modèle black-oil pseudo-compositionnel standard isoterme.

Gérard Gagneux, Ann-Marie Lefevere, Monique Madaune-Tort (1989)

Revista Matemática de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

The aim of the paper is an analytical and numerical approach to the pseudo-compositional black-oil model for simulating a 3-D isothermal constrained polyphasic flow in porous media, taking into account realistic boundary conditions. The handling of the component conservation laws leads to a strongly coupled system including parabolic quasilinear degenerated equations and first-order hyperbolic inequalities: the introduction of unilateral problems arises from the nature of the thermodynamical equilibrium...

Application of a multiphase flow code for investigation of influence of capillary pressure parameters on two-phase flow

Jiří Mikyška, Tissa H. Illangasekare (2007)

Kybernetika

We have developed a multiphase flow code that has been applied to study the behavior of non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL) in the subsurface. We describe model formulation, discretization, and use the model for numerical investigation of sensitivity of the NAPL plume with respect to capillary parameters of the soil. In this paper the soil is assumed to be spatially homogeneous. A 2-D reference problem has been chosen and has been recomputed repeatedly with modified parameters of the Brooks–Corey capillary...

Compressible two-phase flows by central and upwind schemes

Smadar Karni, Eduard Kirr, Alexander Kurganov, Guergana Petrova (2004)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

This paper concerns numerical methods for two-phase flows. The governing equations are the compressible 2-velocity, 2-pressure flow model. Pressure and velocity relaxation are included as source terms. Results obtained by a Godunov-type central scheme and a Roe-type upwind scheme are presented. Issues of preservation of pressure equilibrium, and positivity of the partial densities are addressed.

Compressible two-phase flows by central and upwind schemes

Smadar Karni, Eduard Kirr, Alexander Kurganov, Guergana Petrova (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

This paper concerns numerical methods for two-phase flows. The governing equations are the compressible 2-velocity, 2-pressure flow model. Pressure and velocity relaxation are included as source terms. Results obtained by a Godunov-type central scheme and a Roe-type upwind scheme are presented. Issues of preservation of pressure equilibrium, and positivity of the partial densities are addressed.

Continuous-time finite element analysis of multiphase flow in groundwater hydrology

Zhangxin Chen, Magne Espedal, Richard E. Ewing (1995)

Applications of Mathematics

A nonlinear differential system for describing an air-water system in groundwater hydrology is given. The system is written in a fractional flow formulation, i.e., in terms of a saturation and a global pressure. A continuous-time version of the finite element method is developed and analyzed for the approximation of the saturation and pressure. The saturation equation is treated by a Galerkin finite element method, while the pressure equation is treated by a mixed finite element method. The analysis...

Diffusion models of multicomponent mixtures in the lung*

L. Boudin, D. Götz, B. Grec (2010)

ESAIM: Proceedings

In this work, we are interested in two different diffusion models for multicomponent mixtures. We numerically recover experimental results underlining the inadequacy of the usual Fick diffusion model, and the importance of using the Maxwell-Stefan model in various situations. This model nonlinearly couples the mole fractions and the fluxes of each component of the mixture. We then consider a subregion of the lower part of the lung, in which we compare...

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