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A Bogomolov property for curves modulo algebraic subgroups

Philipp Habegger (2009)

Bulletin de la Société Mathématique de France

Generalizing a result of Bombieri, Masser, and Zannier we show that on a curve in the algebraic torus which is not contained in any proper coset only finitely many points are close to an algebraic subgroup of codimension at least 2 . The notion of close is defined using the Weil height. We also deduce some cardinality bounds and further finiteness statements.

A criterion for potentially good reduction in nonarchimedean dynamics

Robert L. Benedetto (2014)

Acta Arithmetica

Let K be a nonarchimedean field, and let ϕ ∈ K(z) be a polynomial or rational function of degree at least 2. We present a necessary and sufficient condition, involving only the fixed points of ϕ and their preimages, that determines whether or not the dynamical system ϕ: ℙ¹ → ℙ¹ has potentially good reduction.

A dynamical Shafarevich theorem for twists of rational morphisms

Brian Justin Stout (2014)

Acta Arithmetica

Let K denote a number field, S a finite set of places of K, and ϕ: ℙⁿ → ℙⁿ a rational morphism defined over K. The main result of this paper states that there are only finitely many twists of ϕ defined over K which have good reduction at all places outside S. This answers a question of Silverman in the affirmative.

A p -adic approach to local analytic dynamics: analytic conjugacy of analytic maps tangent to the identity

Adrian Jenkins, Steven Spallone (2009)

Annales de la faculté des sciences de Toulouse Mathématiques

In this note, we consider the question of local analytic equivalence of analytic functions which fix the origin and are tangent to the identity. All mappings and equivalences are considered in the non-archimedean context e.g. all norms can be considered p -adic norms. We show that any two mappings f and g which are formally equivalent are also analytically equivalent. We consider the related questions of roots and centralizers for analytic mappings. In this setting, anything which can be done formally...

A p-adic Perron-Frobenius theorem

Robert Costa, Patrick Dynes, Clayton Petsche (2016)

Acta Arithmetica

We prove that if an n×n matrix defined over ℚ ₚ (or more generally an arbitrary complete, discretely-valued, non-Archimedean field) satisfies a certain congruence property, then it has a strictly maximal eigenvalue in ℚ ₚ, and that iteration of the (normalized) matrix converges to a projection operator onto the corresponding eigenspace. This result may be viewed as a p-adic analogue of the Perron-Frobenius theorem for positive real matrices.

Adelic equidistribution, characterization of equidistribution, and a general equidistribution theorem in non-archimedean dynamics

Yûsuke Okuyama (2013)

Acta Arithmetica

We determine when the equidistribution property for possibly moving targets holds for a rational function of degree more than one on the projective line over an algebraically closed field of any characteristic and complete with respect to a non-trivial absolute value. This characterization could be useful in the positive characteristic case. Based on a variational argument, we give a purely local proof of the adelic equidistribution theorem for possibly moving targets, which is due to Favre and...

Automorphisms with exotic orbit growth

Stephan Baier, Sawian Jaidee, Shaun Stevens, Thomas Ward (2013)

Acta Arithmetica

The dynamical Mertens' theorem describes asymptotics for the growth in the number of closed orbits in a dynamical system. We construct families of ergodic automorphisms of fixed entropy on compact connected groups with a continuum of growth rates on two different growth scales. This shows in particular that the space of all ergodic algebraic dynamical systems modulo the equivalence of shared orbit-growth asymptotics is not countable. In contrast, for the equivalence relation of measurable isomorphism...

Bounds on the radius of the p-adic Mandelbrot set

Jacqueline Anderson (2013)

Acta Arithmetica

Let f ( z ) = z d + a d - 1 z d - 1 + . . . + a 1 z p [ z ] be a degree d polynomial. We say f is post-critically bounded, or PCB, if all of its critical points have bounded orbit under iteration of f. It is known that if p ≥ d and f is PCB, then all critical points of f have p-adic absolute value less than or equal to 1. We give a similar result for 1/2d ≤ p < d. We also explore a one-parameter family of cubic polynomials over ℚ₂ to illustrate that the p-adic Mandelbrot set can be quite complicated when p < d, in contrast with the simple and...

Composite rational functions expressible with few terms

Clemens Fuchs, Umberto Zannier (2012)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

We consider a rational function f which is ‘lacunary’ in the sense that it can be expressed as the ratio of two polynomials (not necessarily coprime) having each at most a given number of terms. Then we look at the possible decompositions f ( x ) = g ( h ( x ) ) , where g , h are rational functions of degree larger than 1. We prove that, apart from certain exceptional cases which we completely describe, the degree of g is bounded only in terms of (and we provide explicit bounds). This supports and quantifies the intuitive...

Dynamique des polynômes quadratiques sur les corps locaux

Robert Benedetto, Jean-Yves Briend, Hervé Perdry (2007)

Journal de Théorie des Nombres de Bordeaux

Dans cette note, nous montrons que la dynamique d’un polynôme quadratique sur un corps local peut être déterminée en temps fini, et que l’on a l’alternative suivante : soit l’ensemble de Julia est vide, soit P y est conjugué au décalage unilatéral sur 2 symboles.

Effective equidistribution of S-integral points on symmetric varieties

Yves Benoist, Hee Oh (2012)

Annales de l’institut Fourier

Let K be a global field of characteristic not 2. Let Z = H G be a symmetric variety defined over K and S a finite set of places of K . We obtain counting and equidistribution results for the S-integral points of Z . Our results are effective when K is a number field.

Equations in simple matrix groups: algebra, geometry, arithmetic, dynamics

Tatiana Bandman, Shelly Garion, Boris Kunyavskiĭ (2014)

Open Mathematics

We present a survey of results on word equations in simple groups, as well as their analogues and generalizations, which were obtained over the past decade using various methods: group-theoretic and coming from algebraic and arithmetic geometry, number theory, dynamical systems and computer algebra. Our focus is on interrelations of these machineries which led to numerous spectacular achievements, including solutions of several long-standing problems.

Equidistribution and the heights of totally real and totally p-adic numbers

Paul Fili, Zachary Miner (2015)

Acta Arithmetica

C. J. Smyth was among the first to study the spectrum of the Weil height in the field of all totally real numbers, establishing both lower and upper bounds for the limit infimum of the height of all totally real integers, and determining isolated values of the height. Later, Bombieri and Zannier established similar results for totally p-adic numbers and, inspired by work of Ullmo and Zhang, termed this the Bogomolov property. In this paper, we use results on equidistribution of points of low height...

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