### A free boundary problem with a volume penalization

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In this paper, a new hybrid simulated annealing algorithm for constrained global optimization is proposed. We have developed a stochastic algorithm called ASAPSPSA that uses Adaptive Simulated Annealing algorithm (ASA). ASA is a series of modifications to the basic simulated annealing algorithm (SA) that gives the region containing the global solution of an objective function. In addition, Simultaneous Perturbation Stochastic Approximation (SPSA)...

The level set method is used for shape optimization of the energy functional for the Signorini problem. The boundary variations technique is used in order to derive the shape gradients of the energy functional. The conical differentiability of solutions with respect to the boundary variations is exploited. The topology modifications during the optimization process are identified by means of an asymptotic analysis. The topological derivatives of the energy shape functional are employed for the topology...

In this work, we consider singular perturbations of the boundary of a smooth domain. We describe the asymptotic behavior of the solution uE of a second order elliptic equation posed in the perturbed domain with respect to the size parameter ε of the deformation. We are also interested in the variations of the energy functional. We propose a numerical method for the approximation of uE based on a multiscale superposition of the unperturbed solution u0 and a profile defined in a model domain. We...

This paper deals with topology optimization of domains subject to a pointwise constraint on the gradient of the state. To realize this constraint, a class of penalty functionals is introduced and the expression of the corresponding topological derivative is obtained for the Laplace equation in two space dimensions. An algorithm based on these concepts is proposed. It is illustrated by some numerical applications.

Shape optimization of mechanical devices is investigated in the context of large, geometrically strongly nonlinear deformations and nonlinear hyperelastic constitutive laws. A weighted sum of the structure compliance, its weight, and its surface area are minimized. The resulting nonlinear elastic optimization problem differs significantly from classical shape optimization in linearized elasticity. Indeed, there exist different definitions for the compliance: the change in potential energy of the...

In this paper we consider a model shape optimization problem. The state variable solves an elliptic equation on a domain with one part of the boundary described as the graph of a control function. We prove higher regularity of the control and develop a priori error analysis for the finite element discretization of the shape optimization problem under consideration. The derived a priori error estimates are illustrated on two numerical examples.

Shape optimization is described by finding the geometry of a structure which is optimal in the sense of a minimized cost function with respect to certain constraints. A Newton’s mesh independence principle was very efficiently used to solve a certain class of optimal design problems in [6]. Here motivated by optimization considerations we show that under the same computational cost an even finer mesh independence principle can be given.

We consider, in an open subset Ω of ${\mathbb{R}}^{N}$, energies depending on the perimeter of a subset $E\subset \Omega $ (or some equivalent surface integral) and on a function u which is defined only on $\Omega \setminus E$. We compute the lower semicontinuous envelope of such energies. This relaxation has to take into account the fact that in the limit, the “holes” E may collapse into a discontinuity of u, whose surface will be counted twice in the relaxed energy. We discuss some situations where such energies appear, and give, as an application,...

We show that among all the convex bounded domain in $mathbb{R}^{2}$ having an assigned Fraenkel asymmetry index, there exists only one convex set (up to a similarity) which minimizes the isoperimetric deficit. We also show how to construct this set. The result can be read as a sharp improvement of the isoperimetric inequality for convex planar domain.

The aim of this article is to propose a new method for the grey-level image classification problem. We first present the classical variational approach without and with a regularization term in order to smooth the contours of the classified image. Then we present the general topological asymptotic analysis, and we finally introduce its application to the grey-level image classification problem.

We discuss the stability of "critical" or "equilibrium" shapes of a shape-dependent energy functional. We analyze a problem arising when looking at the positivity of the second derivative in order to prove that a critical shape is an optimal shape. Indeed, often when positivity -or coercivity- holds, it does for a weaker norm than the norm for which the functional is twice differentiable and local optimality cannot be a priori deduced. We solve this problem for a particular but significant example....