### A boundary element method for Signorini problems in three dimensions.

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The work [3] of axiomatization of various classical theories on continuous bodies from the Mach-Painlevè point of view, is completed here in a way which -unlike [4]- is suitable for extension to special relativity. The main reason of this is the fact that gravitation can be excluded in all the theories on continuous bodies considered here. Following [1], the notion of (physical) equivalence among affine inertial frames, and that of (physical isotropy of these frames are introduced; it is shown that...

The work [3], where various classical theories on continuous bodies are axiomatized from the Mach-Painlevè point of view, is completed here in two alternative ways; in that work, among other things, affine inertial frames are defined within classical kinematics. Here, in Part I, a thermodynamic theory of continuous bodies, in which electrostatic phenomena are not excluded, is dealt with. The notion of gravitational equivalence among affine inertial frames and the notion of gravitational isotropy...

In questo lavoro sono dati alcuni modelli matematici per il problema di contatto tra una membrana ed un suolo od ostacolo elastico. Viene costruita una approssimazione lineare a tratti della soluzione e, tramite una disequazione variazionale discreta, se ne dà il corrispondente teorema di convergenza.

This paper deals with modeling the passive behavior of skeletal muscle tissue including certain microvibrations at the cell level. Our approach combines a continuum mechanics model with large deformation and incompressibility at the macroscale with chains of coupled nonlinear oscillators. The model verifies that an externally applied vibration at the appropriate frequency is able to synchronize microvibrations in skeletal muscle cells. From the numerical analysis point of view, one faces...

In this paper a new finite element approach is presented which allows the discretization of PDEs on domains containing small micro-structures with extremely few degrees of freedom. The applications of these so-called Composite Finite Elements are two-fold. They allow the efficient use of multi-grid methods to problems on complicated domains where, otherwise, it is not possible to obtain very coarse discretizations with standard finite elements. Furthermore, they provide a tool for discrete homogenization...

This note is concerned with the ill-posed problem for prestressed thermoelastic bodies. Under suitable hypotheses for the thermoelastic coefficients, the domain and the behavior of solutions at infinity, we prove uniqueness of the solutions. We also obtain some estimates for the solutions related with the initial condition.

The equations of classical thermoelasticity have been extensively studied [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]. Only more recently the equations when the initial state is at non-uniform temperature have been established [6], and a well-posedness theorem proved by the author and C. Navarro for these equations [7]. Our goal here is to make a brief comment about dissipation in this last case of an initial state with non-uniform temperature.

In this paper the problem of accurate edge detection in images of heat-emitting specimens of metals is discussed. The images are provided by the computerized system for high temperature measurements of surface properties of metals and alloys. Subpixel edge detection is applied in the system considered in order to improve the accuracy of surface tension determination. A reconstructive method for subpixel edge detection is introduced. The method uses a Gaussian function in order to reconstruct the...