### A boundary element method for Signorini problems in three dimensions.

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In questo lavoro sono dati alcuni modelli matematici per il problema di contatto tra una membrana ed un suolo od ostacolo elastico. Viene costruita una approssimazione lineare a tratti della soluzione e, tramite una disequazione variazionale discreta, se ne dà il corrispondente teorema di convergenza.

A unilateral boundary-value condition at the left end of a simply supported rod is considered. Variational and (equivalent) classical formulations are introduced and all solutions to the classical problem are calculated in an explicit form. Formulas for the energies corresponding to the solutions are also given. The problem is solved and energies of the solutions are compared in the pertubed as well as the unperturbed cases.

In this paper the contact problem for a cylindrical shell and a stiff punch is studied. The existence and uniqueness of a solution is verified. The finite element method is discussed.

In questo lavoro viene risolto il problema del contatto tra una membrana ed un suolo od ostacolo elastico con una approssimazione lineare a tratti della soluzione. Sono date alcune formulazioni equivalenti del problema discreto e se ne discutono le corrispondenti proprietà computazionali.

The present paper deals with numerical solution of the contact problem with given friction. By a suitable choice of multipliers the whole problem is transformed to that of finding a saddle-point of the Lagrangian function $\mathcal{L}$ on a certain convex set $K\times \Lambda $. The approximation of this saddle-point is defined, the convergence is proved and the rate of convergence established. For the numerical realization Uzawa’s algorithm is used. Some examples are given in the conclusion.

Problems of a unilateral contact between bounded bodies without friction are considered within the range of two-dimensional linear elastostatics. Two classes of problems are distinguished: those with a bounded contact zone and with an enlargign contact zone. Both classes can be formulated in terms of displacements by means of a variational inequality. The proofs of existence of a solution are presented and the uniqueness discussed.

The paper deals with the approximation of contact problems of two elastic bodies by finite element method. Using piecewise linear finite elements, some error estimates are derived, assuming that the exact solution is sufficiently smooth. If the solution is not regular, the convergence itself is proven. This analysis is given for two types of contact problems: with a bounded contact zone and with enlarging contact zone.

The problem of a unilateral contact between elastic bodies with an apriori bounded contact zone is formulated in terms of stresses via the principle of complementary energy. Approximations are defined by means of self-equilibriated triangular block-elements and an $L2$-error estimate is proven provided the exact solution is regular enough.

If the material of the bodies is elastic perfectly plastic, obeying the Hencky's law, the formulation in terms of stresses is more suitable than that in displacements. The Haar-Kármán principle is first extended to the case of a unilateral contact between two bodies without friction. Approximations are proposed by means of piecewise constant triangular finite elements. Convergence of the method is proved for any regular family of triangulations.

The goal of the paper is the study of the contact problem of two elastic bodies which is applicable to the solution of displacements and stresses of the earth continuum and the tunnel wall. In this first part the variational formulation of the continuous and discrete model is stated. The second part covers the proof of convergence of finite element method to the solution of continuous problem while in the third part some practical applications are illustrated.

A semi-coercive problem with unilateral boundary conditions of the Signoriti type in a convex polygonal domain is solved on the basis of a dual variational approach. Whereas some strong regularity of the solution has been assumed in the previous author’s results on error estimates, no assumption of this kind is imposed here and still the ${L}^{2}$-convergence is proved.