### A bound for size Ramsey numbers of multipartite graphs.

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An edge-colored cycle is rainbow if its edges are colored with distinct colors. A Gallai (multi)graph is a simple, complete, edge-colored (multi)graph lacking rainbow triangles. As has been previously shown for Gallai graphs, we show that Gallai multigraphs admit a simple iterative construction. We then use this structure to prove Ramsey-type results within Gallai colorings. Moreover, we show that Gallai multigraphs give rise to a surprising and highly structured decomposition into directed trees...

We give a lower bound for the Ramsey number and the planar Ramsey number for C₄ and complete graphs. We prove that the Ramsey number for C₄ and K₇ is 21 or 22. Moreover we prove that the planar Ramsey number for C₄ and K₆ is equal to 17.

Let ${T}_{s}H$ be the graph obtained from a given graph $H$ by subdividing each edge $s$ times. Motivated by a problem raised by Igor Pak [Mixing time and long paths in graphs, in Proc. of the 13th annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA 2002) 321–328], we prove that, for any graph $H$, there exist graphs $G$ with $O\left(s\right)$ edges that are Ramsey with respect to ${T}_{s}H$.

Let TsH be the graph obtained from a given graph H by subdividing each edge s times. Motivated by a problem raised by Igor Pak [Mixing time and long paths in graphs, in Proc. of the 13th annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA 2002) 321–328], we prove that, for any graph H, there exist graphs G with O(s) edges that are Ramsey with respect to TsH.

If n, t are natural numbers, μ is an infinite cardinal, G is an n-chromatic graph of cardinality at most μ, then there is a graph X with $X\to \left(G\right){\xb9}_{\mu}$, |X| = μ⁺, such that every subgraph of X of cardinality < t is n-colorable.

Let k and ℓ be positive integers with ℓ ≤ k − 2. It is proved that there exists a positive integer c depending on k and ℓ such that every graph of order (2k−1−ℓ/k)n+c contains n vertex disjoint induced subgraphs, where these subgraphs are isomorphic to each other and they are isomorphic to one of four graphs: (1) a clique of order k, (2) an independent set of order k, (3) the join of a clique of order ℓ and an independent set of order k − ℓ, or (4) the union of an independent set of order ℓ and...

It is consistent that there exists a graph X of cardinality ${\aleph}_{1}$ such that every graph has an edge coloring with ${\aleph}_{1}$ colors in which the induced copies of X (if there are any) are totally multicolored (get all possible colors).

Let f(n, p, q) be the minimum number of colors necessary to color the edges of Kn so that every Kp is at least q-colored. We improve current bounds on these nearly “anti-Ramsey” numbers, first studied by Erdös and Gyárfás. We show that [...] , slightly improving the bound of Axenovich. We make small improvements on bounds of Erdös and Gyárfás by showing [...] and for all even n ≢ 1(mod 3), f(n, 4, 5) ≤ n− 1. For a complete bipartite graph G= Kn,n, we show an n-color construction to color the edges...