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A cancellation property for the direct product of graphs

Richard H. Hammack (2008)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Given graphs A, B and C for which A×C ≅ B×C, it is not generally true that A ≅ B. However, it is known that A×C ≅ B×C implies A ≅ B provided that C is non-bipartite, or that there are homomorphisms from A and B to C. This note proves an additional cancellation property. We show that if B and C are bipartite, then A×C ≅ B×C implies A ≅ B if and only if no component of B admits an involution that interchanges its partite sets.

A note on strong and co-strong perfectness of the X-join of graphs

Alina Szelecka, Andrzej Włoch (1996)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Strongly perfect graphs were introduced by C. Berge and P. Duchet in [1]. In [4], [3] the following was studied: the problem of strong perfectness for the Cartesian product, the tensor product, the symmetrical difference of n, n ≥ 2, graphs and for the generalized Cartesian product of graphs. Co-strong perfectness was first studied by G. Ravindra andD. Basavayya [5]. In this paper we discuss strong perfectness and co-strong perfectness for the generalized composition (the lexicographic product)...

A note on the cubical dimension of new classes of binary trees

Kamal Kabyl, Abdelhafid Berrachedi, Éric Sopena (2015)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

The cubical dimension of a graph G is the smallest dimension of a hypercube into which G is embeddable as a subgraph. The conjecture of Havel (1984) claims that the cubical dimension of every balanced binary tree with 2 n vertices, n 1 , is n . The 2-rooted complete binary tree of depth n is obtained from two copies of the complete binary tree of depth n by adding an edge linking their respective roots. In this paper, we determine the cubical dimension of trees obtained by subdividing twice a 2-rooted...

A Note on Uniquely Embeddable Forests

Justyna Otfinowska, Mariusz Woźniak (2013)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Let F be a forest of order n. It is well known that if F 6= Sn, a star of order n, then there exists an embedding of F into its complement F. In this note we consider a problem concerning the uniqueness of such an embedding.

A ramsey-type theorem for multiple disjoint copies of induced subgraphs

Tomoki Nakamigawa (2014)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

Let k and ℓ be positive integers with ℓ ≤ k − 2. It is proved that there exists a positive integer c depending on k and ℓ such that every graph of order (2k−1−ℓ/k)n+c contains n vertex disjoint induced subgraphs, where these subgraphs are isomorphic to each other and they are isomorphic to one of four graphs: (1) a clique of order k, (2) an independent set of order k, (3) the join of a clique of order ℓ and an independent set of order k − ℓ, or (4) the union of an independent set of order ℓ and...

A Reduction of the Graph Reconstruction Conjecture

S. Monikandan, J. Balakumar (2014)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

A graph is said to be reconstructible if it is determined up to isomor- phism from the collection of all its one-vertex deleted unlabeled subgraphs. Reconstruction Conjecture (RC) asserts that all graphs on at least three vertices are reconstructible. In this paper, we prove that interval-regular graphs and some new classes of graphs are reconstructible and show that RC is true if and only if all non-geodetic and non-interval-regular blocks G with diam(G) = 2 or diam(Ḡ) = diam(G) = 3 are reconstructible...

Cancellation of direct products of digraphs

Richard H. Hammack, Katherine E. Toman (2010)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

We investigate expressions of form A×C ≅ B×C involving direct products of digraphs. Lovász gave exact conditions on C for which it necessarily follows that A ≅ B. We are here concerned with a different aspect of cancellation. We describe exact conditions on A for which it necessarily follows that A ≅ B. In the process, we do the following: Given an arbitrary digraph A and a digraph C that admits a homomorphism onto an arc, we classify all digraphs B for which A×C ≅ B×C.

Distance perfectness of graphs

Andrzej Włoch (1999)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

In this paper, we propose a generalization of well known kinds of perfectness of graphs in terms of distances between vertices. We introduce generalizations of α-perfect, χ-perfect, strongly perfect graphs and we establish the relations between them. Moreover, we give sufficient conditions for graphs to be perfect in generalized sense. Other generalizations of perfectness are given in papers [3] and [7].

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