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1-factors and characterization of reducible faces of plane elementary bipartite graphs

Andrej Taranenko, Aleksander Vesel (2012)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

As a general case of molecular graphs of benzenoid hydrocarbons, we study plane bipartite graphs with Kekulé structures (1-factors). A bipartite graph G is called elementary if G is connected and every edge belongs to a 1-factor of G. Some properties of the minimal and the maximal 1-factor of a plane elementary graph are given. A peripheral face f of a plane elementary graph is reducible, if the removal of the internal vertices and edges of the path that is the intersection of...

A graph-based estimator of the number of clusters

Gérard Biau, Benoît Cadre, Bruno Pelletier (2007)

ESAIM: Probability and Statistics

Assessing the number of clusters of a statistical population is one of the essential issues of unsupervised learning. Given n independent observations X1,...,Xn drawn from an unknown multivariate probability density f, we propose a new approach to estimate the number of connected components, or clusters, of the t-level set ( t ) = { x : f ( x ) t } . The basic idea is to form a rough skeleton of the set ( t ) using any preliminary estimator of f, and to count the number of connected components of the resulting graph. Under...

A Maximum Resonant Set of Polyomino Graphs

Heping Zhang, Xiangqian Zhou (2016)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

A polyomino graph P is a connected finite subgraph of the infinite plane grid such that each finite face is surrounded by a regular square of side length one and each edge belongs to at least one square. A dimer covering of P corresponds to a perfect matching. Different dimer coverings can interact via an alternating cycle (or square) with respect to them. A set of disjoint squares of P is a resonant set if P has a perfect matching M so that each one of those squares is M-alternating. In this paper,...

A method of constructing the frame of a directed graph

Ichiro Hofuku, Kunio Oshima (2013)

International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

In web search engines, such as Google, the ranking of a particular keyword is determined by mathematical tools, e.g., Pagerank or Hits. However, as the size of the network increases, it becomes increasingly difficult to use keyword ranking to quickly find the information required by an individual user. One reason for this phenomenon is the interference of superfluous information with the link structure. The World Wide Web can be expressed as an enormous directed graph. The purpose of the present...

A New Method for Computing the Eccentric Connectivity Index of Fullerenes

Ghorbani, Modjtaba, Malekjani, Khadijeh (2012)

Serdica Journal of Computing

ACM Computing Classification System (1998): G.2.2, G.2.3.The eccentric connectivity index of the molecular graph G, ξ^c (G), was proposed by Sharma, Goswami and Madan. It is defined as ξ^c (G) = Σu∈V(G)degG(u) ecc(u), where degG(x) denotes the degree of the vertex x in G and ecc(u) = Max{d(x, u) | x ∈ V (G)}. In this paper this graph invariant is computed for an infinite class of fullerenes by means of group action.

A Note on the Uniqueness of Stable Marriage Matching

Ewa Drgas-Burchardt (2013)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

In this note we present some sufficient conditions for the uniqueness of a stable matching in the Gale-Shapley marriage classical model of even size. We also state the result on the existence of exactly two stable matchings in the marriage problem of odd size with the same conditions.

A shorter proof of the distance energy of complete multipartite graphs

Wasin So (2017)

Special Matrices

Caporossi, Chasser and Furtula in [Les Cahiers du GERAD (2009) G-2009-64] conjectured that the distance energy of a complete multipartite graph of order n with r ≥ 2 parts, each of size at least 2, is equal to 4(n − r). Stevanovic, Milosevic, Hic and Pokorny in [MATCH Commun. Math. Comput. Chem. 70 (2013), no. 1, 157-162.] proved the conjecture, and then Zhang in [Linear Algebra Appl. 450 (2014), 108-120.] gave another proof. We give a shorter proof of this conjecture using the interlacing inequalities...

A symbolic shortest path algorithm for computing subgame-perfect Nash equilibria

Pedro A. Góngora, David A. Rosenblueth (2015)

International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

Consider games where players wish to minimize the cost to reach some state. A subgame-perfect Nash equilibrium can be regarded as a collection of optimal paths on such games. Similarly, the well-known state-labeling algorithm used in model checking can be viewed as computing optimal paths on a Kripke structure, where each path has a minimum number of transitions. We exploit these similarities in a common generalization of extensive games and Kripke structures that we name “graph games”. By extending...

An application of nonprarametric Cox regression model in reliability analysis: a case study

Petr Volf (2004)


The contribution deals with an application of the nonparametric version of Cox regression model to the analysis and modeling of the failure rate of technical devices. The objective is to recall the method of statistical analysis of such a model, to adapt it to the real–case study, and in such a way to demonstrate the flexibility of the Cox model. The goodness-of-fit of the model is tested, too, with the aid of the graphical test procedure based on generalized residuals.

Analysis of Space-Temporal Symmetry in the Early Embryogenesis of Calla palustris L., Araceae

I.V. Rudskiy, G.E. Titova, T.B. Batygina (2010)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

Plants and animals have highly ordered structure both in time and in space, and one of the main questions of modern developmental biology is the transformation of genetic information into the regular structure of organism. Any multicellular plant begins its development from the universal unicellular state and acquire own species-specific structure in the course of cell divisions, cell growth and death, according to own developmental program. However the cellular mechanisms of plant development are...

Analyzing sets of phylogenetic trees using metrics

Damian Bogdanowicz (2011)

Applicationes Mathematicae

The reconstruction of evolutionary trees is one of the primary objectives in phylogenetics. Such a tree represents historical evolutionary relationships between different species or organisms. Tree comparisons are used for multiple purposes, from unveiling the history of species to deciphering evolutionary associations among organisms and geographical areas. In this paper, we describe a general method for comparing phylogenetic trees and give some basic properties of the Matching Split metric, which...

Binary codes and partial permutation decoding sets from the odd graphs

Washiela Fish, Roland Fray, Eric Mwambene (2014)

Open Mathematics

For k ≥ 1, the odd graph denoted by O(k), is the graph with the vertex-set Ωk, the set of all k-subsets of Ω = 1, 2, …, 2k +1, and any two of its vertices u and v constitute an edge [u, v] if and only if u ∩ v = /0. In this paper the binary code generated by the adjacency matrix of O(k) is studied. The automorphism group of the code is determined, and by identifying a suitable information set, a 2-PD-set of the order of k 4 is determined. Lastly, the relationship between the dual code from O(k)...

Bipartite knots

Sergei Duzhin, Mikhail Shkolnikov (2014)

Fundamenta Mathematicae

We give a solution to a part of Problem 1.60 in Kirby's list of open problems in topology, thus answering in the positive the question raised in 1987 by J. Przytycki.

Centrosymmetric Graphs And A Lower Bound For Graph Energy Of Fullerenes

Gyula Y. Katona, Morteza Faghani, Ali Reza Ashrafi (2014)

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

The energy of a molecular graph G is defined as the summation of the absolute values of the eigenvalues of adjacency matrix of a graph G. In this paper, an infinite class of fullerene graphs with 10n vertices, n ≥ 2, is considered. By proving centrosymmetricity of the adjacency matrix of these fullerene graphs, a lower bound for its energy is given. Our method is general and can be extended to other class of fullerene graphs.

Cohomologie de Hochschild des graphes de Kontsevich

Didier Arnal, Mohsen Masmoudi (2002)

Bulletin de la Société Mathématique de France

Nous calculons la cohomologie de Hochschild directement sur les graphes de Kontsevich. Celle-ci est localisée sur les graphes totalement antisymétriques ayant autant de pieds que de pattes. La considération de cette cohomologie permet de réinterpréter l’équation de formalité pour l’espace d .

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