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A posteriori estimates for the Cahn–Hilliard equation with obstacle free energy

Ľubomír Baňas, Robert Nürnberg (2009)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We derive a posteriori estimates for a discretization in space of the standard Cahn–Hilliard equation with a double obstacle free energy. The derived estimates are robust and efficient, and in practice are combined with a heuristic time step adaptation. We present numerical experiments in two and three space dimensions and compare our method with an existing heuristic spatial mesh adaptation algorithm.

A quasi-variational inequality problem arising in the modeling of growing sandpiles

John W. Barrett, Leonid Prigozhin (2013)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

Existence of a solution to the quasi-variational inequality problem arising in a model for sand surface evolution has been an open problem for a long time. Another long-standing open problem concerns determining the dual variable, the flux of sand pouring down the evolving sand surface, which is also of practical interest in a variety of applications of this model. Previously, these problems were solved for the special case in which the inequality is simply variational. Here, we introduce a regularized...

Abstract theory of variational inequalities with Lagrange multipliers and application to nonlinear PDEs

Takeshi Fukao, Nobuyuki Kenmochi (2014)

Mathematica Bohemica

Recently, we established some generalizations of the theory of Lagrange multipliers arising from nonlinear programming in Banach spaces, which enable us to treat not only elliptic problems but also parabolic problems in the same generalized framework. The main objective of the present paper is to discuss a typical time-dependent double obstacle problem as a new application of the above mentioned generalization. Actually, we describe it as a usual parabolic variational inequality and then characterize...

Anti-periodic solutions to a parabolic hemivariational inequality

Jong Yeoul Park, Hyun Min Kim, Sun Hye Park (2004)


In this paper we deal with the anti-periodic boundary value problems with nonlinearity of the form b ( u ) , where b L loc ( R ) . Extending b to be multivalued we obtain the existence of solutions to hemivariational inequality and variational-hemivariational inequality.

Compétition Réaction-Diffusion et comportement asymptotique d’un problème d’obstacle doublement non linéaire

Fahd Karami (2010)

Annales de la faculté des sciences de Toulouse Mathématiques

Le but de cet article est l’étude de la compétition Réaction-Diffusion pour un problème de type β ( w ) t - d ε div a ( x , D w ) + r ε g x , β ( w ) = f , a est un opérateur de Lerray-Lions, β est une fonction continue croissante et la réaction g est une fonction croissante qui dépend de l’espace x . On suppose que les coefficients de diffusion d ε et de Réaction r ε dépendent du paramètre ε avec d ε et/ou r ε tends vers + lorsque ε 0 . Dans le cas où, le coefficient de réaction est très rapide, nous étudions le comportement asymptotique lorsque t de la solution...

Entropy solutions for nonlinear unilateral parabolic inequalities in Orlicz-Sobolev spaces

Azeddine Aissaoui Fqayeh, Abdelmoujib Benkirane, Mostafa El Moumni (2014)

Applicationes Mathematicae

We discuss the existence of entropy solution for the strongly nonlinear unilateral parabolic inequalities associated to the nonlinear parabolic equations ∂u/∂t - div(a(x,t,u,∇u) + Φ(u)) + g(u)M(|∇u|) = μ in Q, in the framework of Orlicz-Sobolev spaces without any restriction on the N-function of the Orlicz spaces, where -div(a(x,t,u,∇u)) is a Leray-Lions operator and Φ C ( , N ) . The function g(u)M(|∇u|) is a nonlinear lower order term with natural growth with respect to |∇u|, without satisfying the sign...

Instability of Turing type for a reaction-diffusion system with unilateral obstacles modeled by variational inequalities

Martin Väth (2014)

Mathematica Bohemica

We consider a reaction-diffusion system of activator-inhibitor type which is subject to Turing's diffusion-driven instability. It is shown that unilateral obstacles of various type for the inhibitor, modeled by variational inequalities, lead to instability of the trivial solution in a parameter domain where it would be stable otherwise. The result is based on a previous joint work with I.-S. Kim, but a refinement of the underlying theoretical tool is developed. Moreover, a different regime of parameters...

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