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A new perspective on some approximations used in neutron transport modeling

Hanuš, Milan (2013)

Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics

In this contribution, we will use the Maxwell-Cartesian spherical harmonics (introduced in [1,2]) to derive a system of partial differential equations governing transport of neutrons within an interacting medium. This system forms an alternative to the well known P N approximation, which is based on the expansion of the directional dependence into tesseral spherical harmonics ([3,p.197]). In comparison with this latter set of equations, the Maxwell-Cartesian system posesses a much more regular structure,...

A SOR Acceleration of Self-Adjoint and m-Accretive Splitting Iterative Solver for 2-D Neutron Transport Equation

O. Awono, J. Tagoudjeu (2010)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

We present an iterative method based on an infinite dimensional adaptation of the successive overrelaxation (SOR) algorithm for solving the 2-D neutron transport equation. In a wide range of application, the neutron transport operator admits a Self-Adjoint and m-Accretive Splitting (SAS). This splitting leads to an ADI-like iterative method which converges unconditionally and is equivalent to a fixed point problem where the operator is a 2 by 2 matrix...

Homogenization and localization in locally periodic transport

Grégoire Allaire, Guillaume Bal, Vincent Siess (2002)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

In this paper, we study the homogenization and localization of a spectral transport equation posed in a locally periodic heterogeneous domain. This equation models the equilibrium of particles interacting with an underlying medium in the presence of a creation mechanism such as, for instance, neutrons in nuclear reactors. The physical coefficients of the domain are ε -periodic functions modulated by a macroscopic variable, where ε is a small parameter. The mean free path of the particles is also...

Homogenization and localization in locally periodic transport

Grégoire Allaire, Guillaume Bal, Vincent Siess (2010)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

In this paper, we study the homogenization and localization of a spectral transport equation posed in a locally periodic heterogeneous domain. This equation models the equilibrium of particles interacting with an underlying medium in the presence of a creation mechanism such as, for instance, neutrons in nuclear reactors. The physical coefficients of the domain are ε-periodic functions modulated by a macroscopic variable, where ε is a small parameter. The mean free path of the particles...

Homogenization of the criticality spectral equation in neutron transport

Grégoire Allaire, Guillaume Bal (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We address the homogenization of an eigenvalue problem for the neutron transport equation in a periodic heterogeneous domain, modeling the criticality study of nuclear reactor cores. We prove that the neutron flux, corresponding to the first and unique positive eigenvector, can be factorized in the product of two terms, up to a remainder which goes strongly to zero with the period. One term is the first eigenvector of the transport equation in the periodicity cell. The other term is the...

RTC-method for the control of nuclear reactor power

Wajdi A. Ratemi (1998)

Kybernetika

In this paper, a new concept of the Reactivity Trace Curve (RTC) for reactor power control is presented. The concept is demonstrated for a reactor model with one group of delayed neutrons, where the reactivity trace curve is simply a closed form exponential solution of the RTC-differential equation identifier. An extended reactor model of multigroup (six groups) of delayed neutrons is discussed for power control using the RTC-method which is based on numerical solution of the governing equation...

Splitting d'opérateur pour l'équation de transport neutronique en géométrie bidimensionnelle plane

Samir Akesbi (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The aim of this work is to introduce and to analyze new algorithms for solving the transport neutronique equation in 2D geometry. These algorithms present the duplicate favors to be, on the one hand faster than some classic algorithms and easily to be implemented and naturally deviced for parallelisation on the other hand. They are based on a splitting of the collision operator holding amount of caracteristics of the transport operator. Some numerical results are given at the end of this work. ...

Time asymptotic description of an abstract Cauchy problem solution and application to transport equation

Boulbeba Abdelmoumen, Omar Jedidi, Aref Jeribi (2014)

Applications of Mathematics

In this paper, we study the time asymptotic behavior of the solution to an abstract Cauchy problem on Banach spaces without restriction on the initial data. The abstract results are then applied to the study of the time asymptotic behavior of solutions of an one-dimensional transport equation with boundary conditions in L 1 -space arising in growing cell populations and originally introduced by M. Rotenberg, J. Theoret. Biol. 103 (1983), 181–199.

Une méthode nodale appliquée à un problème de diffusion à coefficients généralisés

Abdelkader Laazizi, Nagib Guessous (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

In this paper, we consider second order neutrons diffusion problem with coefficients in L∞(Ω). Nodal method of the lowest order is applied to approximate the problem's solution. The approximation uses special basis functions [1] in which the coefficients appear. The rate of convergence obtained is O(h2) in L2(Ω), with a free rectangular triangulation.

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