### Indicateurs d’erreur en $h-N$ version des éléments spectraux

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The time-dependent Stokes equations in two- or three-dimensional bounded domains are discretized by the backward Euler scheme in time and finite elements in space. The error of this discretization is bounded globally from above and locally from below by the sum of two types of computable error indicators, the first one being linked to the time discretization and the second one to the space discretization.

We analyze a new formulation of the Stokes equations in three-dimensional axisymmetric geometries, relying on Fourier expansion with respect to the angular variable: the problem for each Fourier coefficient is two-dimensional and has six scalar unknowns, corresponding to the vector potential and the vorticity. A spectral discretization is built on this formulation, which leads to an exactly divergence-free discrete velocity. We prove optimal error estimates.

For the Stokes problem in a two- or three-dimensional bounded domain, we propose a new mixed finite element discretization which relies on a nonconforming approximation of the velocity and a more accurate approximation of the pressure. We prove that the velocity and pressure discrete spaces are compatible, in the sense that they satisfy an inf-sup condition of Babuška and Brezzi type, and we derive some error estimates.

The standard discretization of the Stokes and Navier–Stokes equations in vorticity and stream function formulation by affine finite elements is known for its bad convergence. We present here a modified discretization, we prove that the convergence is improved and we establish error estimates.

We consider the Stokes problem provided with non standard boundary conditions which involve the normal component of the velocity and the tangential components of the vorticity. We write a variational formulation of this problem with three independent unknowns: the vorticity, the velocity and the pressure. Next we propose a discretization by spectral element methods which relies on this formulation. A detailed numerical analysis leads to optimal error estimates for the three unknowns and numerical...

In order to handle the flow of a viscous incompressible fluid in a porous medium with cracks, the thickness of which cannot be neglected, we consider a model which couples the Darcy equations in the medium with the Stokes equations in the cracks by a new boundary condition at the interface, namely the continuity of the pressure. We prove that this model admits a unique solution and propose a mixed formulation of it. Relying on this formulation, we describe a finite element discretization and derive...

This paper deals with the mortar spectral element discretization of two equivalent problems, the Laplace equation and the Darcy system, in a domain which corresponds to a nonhomogeneous anisotropic medium. The numerical analysis of the discretization leads to optimal error estimates and the numerical experiments that we present enable us to verify its efficiency.

We consider a variational formulation of the three-dimensional Navier–Stokes equations with mixed boundary conditions and prove that the variational problem admits a solution provided that the domain satisfies a suitable regularity assumption. Next, we propose a finite element discretization relying on the Galerkin method and establish and error estimates.

We consider the flow of a viscous incompressible fluid in a rigid homogeneous porous medium provided with mixed boundary conditions. Since the boundary pressure can present high variations, the permeability of the medium also depends on the pressure, so that the model is nonlinear. estimates allow us to omit this dependence where the pressure does not vary too much. We perform the numerical analysis of a spectral element discretization of the simplified model. Finally we propose a strategy which...

From the fundamental laws of elasticity, we write a model for the contact between two membranes and we perform the analysis of the corresponding system of variational inequalities. We propose a finite element discretization of this problem and prove its well-posedness. We also establish a priori and a posteriori error estimates.

The penalty method when applied to the Stokes problem provides a very efficient algorithm for solving any discretization of this problem since it gives rise to a system of two equations where the unknowns are uncoupled. For a spectral or spectral element discretization of the Stokes problem, we prove estimates that allow us to optimize the penalty parameter as a function of the discretization parameter. Numerical experiments confirm the interest of this technique.

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