### A characterization of Fourier transforms

The aim of this paper is to show that, in various situations, the only continuous linear (or not) map that transforms a convolution product into a pointwise product is a Fourier transform. We focus on the cyclic groups ℤ/nℤ, the integers ℤ, the torus 𝕋 and the real line. We also ask a related question for the twisted convolution.