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1D dynamics of a second-grade viscous fluid in a constricted tube

Fernando Carapau, Adélia Sequeira (2008)

Banach Center Publications

Using a one-dimensional hierarchical model based on the Cosserat theory approach to fluid dynamics we can reduce the full 3D system of equations for the axisymmetric unsteady motion of a non-Newtonian incompressible second-grade viscous fluid to a system of equations depending on time and on a single spatial variable. From this new system we obtain the steady relationship between average pressure gradient and volume flow rate over a finite section of a straight constricted tube, and the corresponding...

Analysis of the flows of incompressible fluids with pressure dependent viscosity fulfilling ν ( p , · ) + as p +

M. Bulíček, Josef Málek, Kumbakonam R. Rajagopal (2009)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

Over a large range of the pressure, one cannot ignore the fact that the viscosity grows significantly (even exponentially) with increasing pressure. This paper concerns long-time and large-data existence results for a generalization of the Navier-Stokes fluid whose viscosity depends on the shear rate and the pressure. The novelty of this result stems from the fact that we allow the viscosity to be an unbounded function of pressure as it becomes infinite. In order to include a large class of viscosities...

Approximation of a nonlinear elliptic problem arising in a non-newtonian fluid flow model in glaciology

Roland Glowinski, Jacques Rappaz (2003)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The main goal of this article is to establish a priori and a posteriori error estimates for the numerical approximation of some non linear elliptic problems arising in glaciology. The stationary motion of a glacier is given by a non-newtonian fluid flow model which becomes, in a first two-dimensional approximation, the so-called infinite parallel sided slab model. The approximation of this model is made by a finite element method with piecewise polynomial functions of degree 1. Numerical results...

Approximation of a nonlinear elliptic problem arising in a non-Newtonian fluid flow model in glaciology

Roland Glowinski, Jacques Rappaz (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The main goal of this article is to establish a priori and a posteriori error estimates for the numerical approximation of some non linear elliptic problems arising in glaciology. The stationary motion of a glacier is given by a non-Newtonian fluid flow model which becomes, in a first two-dimensional approximation, the so-called infinite parallel sided slab model. The approximation of this model is made by a finite element method with piecewise polynomial functions of degree 1. Numerical results...

Bipolar Barotropic Non-Newtonian Compressible Fluids

Šárka Matušu-Nečasová, Mária Medviďová-Lukáčová (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We are interested in a barotropic motion of the non-Newtonian bipolar fluids . We consider a special case where the stress tensor is expressed in the form of potentials depending on eii and ( e i j x k ) . We prove the asymptotic stability of the rest state under the assumption of the regularity of the potential forces.

Bipolar barotropic nonnewtonian fluid

Šárka Matušů-Nečasová, Mária Medviďová (1994)

Commentationes Mathematicae Universitatis Carolinae

The paper describes the special situation of barotropic nonnewtonian fluid, where stress tensor can be written in the form of potentials which depend on e i j and ( e i j x k ) . For this case, we prove the existence and uniqueness of weak solution.

Cauchy problem for the non-newtonian viscous incompressible fluid

Milan Pokorný (1996)

Applications of Mathematics

We study the Cauchy problem for the non-Newtonian incompressible fluid with the viscous part of the stress tensor τ V ( 𝕖 ) = τ ( 𝕖 ) - 2 μ 1 Δ 𝕖 , where the nonlinear function τ ( 𝕖 ) satisfies τ i j ( 𝕖 ) e i j c | 𝕖 | p or τ i j ( 𝕖 ) e i j c ( | 𝕖 | 2 + | 𝕖 | p ) . First, the model for the bipolar fluid is studied and existence, uniqueness and regularity of the weak solution is proved for p > 1 for both models. Then, under vanishing higher viscosity μ 1 , the Cauchy problem for the monopolar fluid is considered. For the first model the existence of the weak solution is proved for p > 3 n n + 2 , its uniqueness and...

Density-dependent incompressible fluids with non-Newtonian viscosity

F. Guillén-González (2004)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

We study the system of PDEs describing unsteady flows of incompressible fluids with variable density and non-constant viscosity. Indeed, one considers a stress tensor being a nonlinear function of the symmetric velocity gradient, verifying the properties of p -coercivity and ( p - 1 ) -growth, for a given parameter p > 1 . The existence of Dirichlet weak solutions was obtained in [2], in the cases p 12 / 5 if d = 3 or p 2 if d = 2 , d being the dimension of the domain. In this paper, with help of some new estimates (which lead...

Development of three dimensional constitutive theories based on lower dimensional experimental data

Satish Karra, Kumbakonam R. Rajagopal (2009)

Applications of Mathematics

Most three dimensional constitutive relations that have been developed to describe the behavior of bodies are correlated against one dimensional and two dimensional experiments. What is usually lost sight of is the fact that infinity of such three dimensional models may be able to explain these experiments that are lower dimensional. Recently, the notion of maximization of the rate of entropy production has been used to obtain constitutive relations based on the choice of the stored energy and rate...

Distributed control for multistate modified Navier-Stokes equations

Nadir Arada (2013)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

The aim of this paper is to establish necessary optimality conditions for optimal control problems governed by steady, incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with shear-dependent viscosity. The main difficulty derives from the fact that equations of this type may exhibit non-uniqueness of weak solutions, and is overcome by introducing a family of approximate control problems governed by well posed generalized Stokes systems and by passing to the limit in the corresponding optimality conditions.

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