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2D simulation of flow behind a heated cylinder using spectral element approach with variable coefficients

Pech, Jan (2015)

Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics

The scheme for the numerical solution of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations coupled with the equation for temperature through the temperature dependent viscosity and thermal conductivity coefficients is presented. It is applied, together with the spectral element method, to the 2D calculations of flow around heated cylinder. High order polynomial approximation is combined with the decomposition of whole computational domain to only a few elements. Resulting data are compared with the experimental...

3D monolithic finite element approach for aero-thermics processes in industrial furnaces⋆

E. Hachem, E. Massoni, T. Coupez (2011)

ESAIM: Proceedings

We consider in this paper a mathematical and numerical model to design an industrial software solution able to handle real complex furnaces configurations in terms of geometries, atmospheres, parts positioning, heat generators and physical thermal phenomena. A three dimensional algorithm based on stabilized finite element methods (SFEM) for solving the momentum, energy, turbulence and radiation equations is presented. An immersed volume method (IVM) for thermal coupling of fluids and solids is introduced...

A 2D model for hydrodynamics and biology coupling applied to algae growth simulations

Olivier Bernard, Anne-Céline Boulanger, Marie-Odile Bristeau, Jacques Sainte-Marie (2013)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

Cultivating oleaginous microalgae in specific culturing devices such as raceways is seen as a future way to produce biofuel. The complexity of this process coupling non linear biological activity to hydrodynamics makes the optimization problem very delicate. The large amount of parameters to be taken into account paves the way for a useful mathematical modeling. Due to the heterogeneity of raceways along the depth dimension regarding temperature, light intensity or nutrients availability, we adopt...

A brief introduction to homogenization and miscellaneous applications*

Grégoire Allaire (2012)

ESAIM: Proceedings

This paper is a set of lecture notes for a short introductory course on homogenization. It covers the basic tools of periodic homogenization (two-scale asymptotic expansions, the oscillating test function method and two-scale convergence) and briefly describes the main results of the more general theory of G−  or H−convergence. Several applications of the method are given: derivation of Darcy’s law for flows in porous media, derivation of the porosity...

A continuity property for the inverse of Mañé's projection

Zdeněk Skalák (1998)

Applications of Mathematics

Let X be a compact subset of a separable Hilbert space H with finite fractal dimension d F ( X ) , and P 0 an orthogonal projection in H of rank greater than or equal to 2 d F ( X ) + 1 . For every δ > 0 , there exists an orthogonal projection P in H of the same rank as P 0 , which is injective when restricted to X and such that P - P 0 < δ . This result follows from Mañé’s paper. Thus the inverse ( P | X ) - 1 of the restricted mapping P | X X P X is well defined. It is natural to ask whether there exists a universal modulus of continuity for the inverse of Mañé’s...

A counterexample to the smoothness of the solution to an equation arising in fluid mechanics

Stephen Montgomery-Smith, Milan Pokorný (2002)

Commentationes Mathematicae Universitatis Carolinae

We analyze the equation coming from the Eulerian-Lagrangian description of fluids. We discuss a couple of ways to extend this notion to viscous fluids. The main focus of this paper is to discuss the first way, due to Constantin. We show that this description can only work for short times, after which the ``back to coordinates map'' may have no smooth inverse. Then we briefly discuss a second way that uses Brownian motion. We use this to provide a plausibility argument for the global regularity for...

A diffuse interface fractional time-stepping technique for incompressible two-phase flows with moving contact lines

Abner J. Salgado (2013)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

For a two phase incompressible flow we consider a diffuse interface model aimed at addressing the movement of three-phase (fluid-fluid-solid) contact lines. The model consists of the Cahn Hilliard Navier Stokes system with a variant of the Navier slip boundary conditions. We show that this model possesses a natural energy law. For this system, a new numerical technique based on operator splitting and fractional time-stepping is proposed. The method is shown to be unconditionally stable. We present...

A direct proof of the Caffarelli-Kohn-Nirenberg theorem

Jörg Wolf (2008)

Banach Center Publications

In the present paper we give a new proof of the Caffarelli-Kohn-Nirenberg theorem based on a direct approach. Given a pair (u,p) of suitable weak solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations in ℝ³ × ]0,∞[ the velocity field u satisfies the following property of partial regularity: The velocity u is Lipschitz continuous in a neighbourhood of a point (x₀,t₀) ∈ Ω × ]0,∞ [ if l i m s u p R 0 1 / R Q R ( x , t ) | c u r l u × u / | u | | ² d x d t ε * for a sufficiently small ε * > 0 .

A discrete kinetic approximation for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations

Maria Francesca Carfora, Roberto Natalini (2008)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

In this paper we introduce a new class of numerical schemes for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, which are inspired by the theory of discrete kinetic schemes for compressible fluids. For these approximations it is possible to give a stability condition, based on a discrete velocities version of the Boltzmann H-theorem. Numerical tests are performed to investigate their convergence and accuracy.

A Dual Mixed Formulation for Non-isothermal Oldroyd–Stokes Problem

M. Farhloul, A. Zine (2011)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

We propose a mixed formulation for non-isothermal Oldroyd–Stokes problem where the both extra stress and the heat flux’s vector are considered. Based on such a formulation, a dual mixed finite element is constructed and analyzed. This finite element method enables us to obtain precise approximations of the dual variable which are, for the non-isothermal fluid flow problems, the viscous and polymeric components of the extra-stress tensor, as well...

A full discretization of the time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations by a two-grid scheme

Hyam Abboud, Toni Sayah (2008)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We study a two-grid scheme fully discrete in time and space for solving the Navier-Stokes system. In the first step, the fully non-linear problem is discretized in space on a coarse grid with mesh-size H and time step k. In the second step, the problem is discretized in space on a fine grid with mesh-size h and the same time step, and linearized around the velocity uH computed in the first step. The two-grid strategy is motivated by the fact that under suitable assumptions, the contribution of uH...

A generalization of a theorem by Kato on Navier-Stokes equations.

Marco Cannone (1997)

Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

We generalize a classical result of T. Kato on the existence of global solutions to the Navier-Stokes system in C([0,∞);L3(R3)). More precisely, we show that if the initial data are sufficiently oscillating, in a suitable Besov space, then Kato's solution exists globally. As a corollary to this result, we obtain a theory of existence of self-similar solutions for the Navier-Stokes equations.

A geometric improvement of the velocity-pressure local regularity criterion for a suitable weak solution to the Navier-Stokes equations

Jiří Neustupa (2014)

Mathematica Bohemica

We deal with a suitable weak solution ( 𝐯 , p ) to the Navier-Stokes equations in a domain Ω 3 . We refine the criterion for the local regularity of this solution at the point ( 𝐟 x 0 , t 0 ) , which uses the L 3 -norm of 𝐯 and the L 3 / 2 -norm of p in a shrinking backward parabolic neighbourhood of ( 𝐱 0 , t 0 ) . The refinement consists in the fact that only the values of 𝐯 , respectively p , in the exterior of a space-time paraboloid with vertex at ( 𝐱 0 , t 0 ) , respectively in a ”small” subset of this exterior, are considered. The consequence is that...

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