### A metric theorem for restricted Diophantine approximation in positive characteristic

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Let $W(m,n;\underline{\psi})$ denote the set of ${\psi}_{1},...,{\psi}_{n}$–approximable points in ${\mathbb{R}}^{mn}$. The classical Khintchine–Groshev theorem assumes a monotonicity condition on the approximating functions $\underline{\psi}$. Removing monotonicity from the Khintchine–Groshev theorem is attributed to different authors for different cases of $m$ and $n$. It can not be removed for $m=n=1$ as Duffin–Schaeffer provided the counter example. We deal with the only remaining case $m=2$ and thereby remove all unnecessary conditions from the Khintchine–Groshev theorem.

For any real τ, a lim sup set WG,y(τ) of τ-(well)-approximable points is defined for discrete groups G acting on the Poincaré model of hyperbolic space. Here y is a 'distinguished point' on the sphere at infinity whose orbit under G corresponds to the rationals (which can be regarded as the orbit of the point at infinity under the modular group) in the classical theory of diophantine approximation.In this paper the Hausdorff dimension of the set WG,y(τ) is determined for geometrically finite groups...

Duffin and Schaeffer have generalized the classical theorem of Khintchine in metric Diophantine approximation in the case of any error function under the assumption that all the rational approximants are irreducible. This result is extended to the case where the numerators and the denominators of the rational approximants are related by a congruential constraint stronger than coprimality.

We prove a version of the Khinchin-Groshev theorem in Diophantine approximation for quadratic extensions of function fields in positive characteristic.

We prove that the Hausdorff dimension of the set of badly approximable systems of $m$ linear forms in $n$ variables over the field of Laurent series with coefficients from a finite field is maximal. This is an analogue of Schmidt’s multi-dimensional generalisation of Jarník’s Theorem on badly approximable numbers.

We find an asymptotic formula for the number of rational points near planar curves. More precisely, if f:ℝ → ℝ is a sufficiently smooth function defined on the interval [η,ξ], then the number of rational points with denominator no larger than Q that lie within a δ-neighborhood of the graph of f is shown to be asymptotically equivalent to (ξ-η)δQ².

We consider expansions of real numbers in non-integer bases. These expansions are generated by β-shifts. We prove that some sets arising in metric number theory have the countable intersection property. This allows us to consider sets of reals that have common properties in a countable number of different (non-integer) bases. Some of the results are new even for integer bases.

We study a wide class of metrics in a Lebesgue space, namely the class of so-called admissible metrics. We consider the cone of admissible metrics, introduce a special norm in it, prove compactness criteria, define the ɛ-entropy of a measure space with an admissible metric, etc. These notions and related results are applied to the theory of transformations with invariant measure; namely, we study the asymptotic properties of orbits in the cone of admissible metrics with respect to a given transformation...