## Displaying similar documents to “Teoretyczne podstawy dzielenia z resztą liczb naturalnych wraz z uwagami o dzieleniu z resztą liczb całkowitych, wymiernych i rzeczywistych”

### Uporządkowane struktury liczbowe

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In this article we consider the ordered algebraic structures of thesystems of natural numbers, integers, rational and real numbers. We presentthe ordered algebra of natural numbers, the ordered ring of integers, and theordered fields of rational and real numbers. The main problem considered forordered number structures is the categoricity of these systems determined bya suitable isomorphism. First of all, this article is addressed at Mathematicsstudents of pedagogical studies and at...

### Różne reprezentacje liczb rzeczywistych

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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This article is devoted to the different representations of real numbers. In particular, the following types are distinguished and discussed: (1)representations based on theorems referring to the axiomatic characterization of the field of real numbers, (2) genetic representations – related to the construction of real numbers, (3) visual representations – mainly related to the geometrical way of presenting numbers. The paper addresses different representations of real numbers from a higher...

### Teoretyczne i dydaktyczne aspekty nauczania o największym wspólnym dzielniku i najmniejszej wspólnej wielokrotności w zbiorze liczb naturalnych

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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This article contains a collection of didactic ideas concerning teaching the elementary arithmetic. Although they are firmly based on abstract mathematics, they can be realized at different levels of teaching school mathematics. The source of these didactic propositions is the fact that using the set of natural numbers and suitable relations it is possible to construct the models of structures which are called lattices. In this paper we consider the two models of lattices: the lattice...

### Antropopresja turystyki wysokogórskiej na przykładzie Kilimandżaro

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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This article outlines the negative impact on the environment of the Kilimanjaro Mountain which is a result of commercial approach to mountaineering and change of the climber’s profile. Kilimanjaro, which was called “trampled mountain” in the years 1977–2007, has been visited by 627,974 tourists. The National Park of Kilimanjaro pocketed 25.7 millions USD from admission fees in 2006 only. Officials of the Park are more interested in the commercial aspect than the environmental one. A...

### O nieskończonych ciągach liczb naturalnych, parami względnie pierwszych

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In the first part of the paper the authors, using general formulas, determine and describe a class of infinite series of natural numbers pairs of which are relatively prime. The second part of the paper contains - as a proposition - a set of problems concerning prime numbers and pairs of relatively prime numbers suggested for use during the process of work with Mathematics students, as well as some didactic comments concerning these problems.

### High School Identities

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In 1969, Polish mathematician and logician, Alfred Tarski asked ifall the identities true in the set of natural numbers involving the constant 1,addition, multiplication, and exponentiation can be derived from the elevenaxioms that are taught at the high school level (High School Identities). In1981 Alex Wilkie negatively solved this problem by constructing an identitythat cannot be proved using these axioms. In this paper we survey resultsconnected with Tarski’s problem.

### O nieskończonych ciągach liczb parami względnie pierwszych raz jeszcze

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In the paper the authors, using general formulas, determine and describe a class of infinite sequences of natural numbers, pairs of which are relatively prime. This result was obtained using the theory of Lucas sequences and recurrent equations of the second degree.

### Geography in Russia: education and public interest

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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In the article, the terms of the public interest in Russia are discussed, among which are the natural resources and the humanitarian component, including the geographic entity, the state plays an important role.

### Evaluation of natural resources as a component of business greening

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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### Ski and spa tourism as local development strategy – the case of Krynica Zdrój (Poland)

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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The socio-economic, cultural and technological transformations, characteristic features of the globalization era, result in altering the ways in which tourist and recreational services are rendered, leading to the formation of the so-called mega-tourism trends. At present, tourism has become one of the fastest developing economic branches in many countries around the world. This dynamic development includes, among others, SPA and wellness and outdoor physical activity sectors. Slowly...

### O pewnej implikacji

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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The purpose of this paper is to show how the process of provinga theorem in different ways or proving generalized versions of the theorem,after learning one its proofs, influences the development of the skills of provingtheorems and analysing proofs by the students of mathematics. Toillustrate this process we use an elementary theorem about numbers and itsgeneralizations, giving fourteen proofs. Proving theorems we use methodsand facts which are available to high school students. ...

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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This article presents the results of the study of teaching descriptive statistics in Poland nowadays. After a short review of the history of teaching this branch of school mathematics in the second part of the 20th century, I made an attempt at diagnosing the stage of teacher’s preparation for teaching descriptive statistics. The diagnosis was based on the analysis of: - the survey conducted among working teachers; - teaching standards for mathematics at universities; - curriculum and...

### Wokół liczb i szeregów harmonicznych

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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### Przekształcenia wykresów funkcji

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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This article is concerned with some topics of the transformationsof the graphs of functions. It is designated to serve as a text for thestudents of mathematics (prospective teachers) and the teachers of ma-thematics.In this paper we give the answer to the following problem:Given the graph of the function f:R Df

### Náměty na globální rozvojové vzdělávání dětí mladšího školního věku

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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This paper initially deals with the origins of the idea of global education. It points to the multitude of internationally existing concepts and business terms of global education which makes it difficult to implement the global dimension into real-life education. This “international” multitude is, as a result, obvious in the Czech terminology of global development education (GRV in the Czech text) where it originates as particular authors followed one or the other concept of global...

### Uwagi dotyczące pojęcia wartości bezwzględnej liczby rzeczywistej

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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This paper deals with some studies of understanding the absolute value of real numbers. This article is divided into two parts. The first one contains the conclusions drawn from the analysis of the solutions of the mathematical problems with the absolute value which were solved by the secondary school pupils. The second part of the article contains the didactic proposition of teaching the concept of absolute value at various levels of mathematical education.

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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The article attempts to explain the scientific and social phenomenon that was constituted by the figure of Wacław Nałkowski. With comprehensive knowledge concerning his life, the author undertook the characterization of his personality with the use of the special psychological method of transactional analysis. It is a method developed by American psychiatrist Eric Berne during 1960s. It explains the way people think and behave, offering many tools to understand human functioning, social,...

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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The article presents remarks regarding analysis of drawings and the use of the data contained therein in resolving mathematical tasks. A particular type of drawing is considered, which is a graph of a function. The presented findings are the result of several years of research conducted among the Mathematics students at the Pedagogical University of Cracow.

### Waloryzacja środowiska geograficznego Nadleśnictwa Rymanów pod kątem atrakcyjności turystycznej

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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A sudden increase in various tourism forms in Poland in the second half of the twentieth century brought development of natural environment evaluation methods for tourist purposes. Natural and cultural environment values and slight anthropogenic transformations of the Forestry Rymanów created tourists’ interest in this region. The paper presents the scope and ways of evaluating individual components of the natural environment in connection with historical and political changes. Evaluating...

### Актуальные проблемы современной методики обучения математике

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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This article analyzes the development of the concept of methodical system of teaching mathematics. Various approaches (A. Pyshkalo, G. Sarantsev, T. Ivanova, N. Stefanova, etc.) to the concept of methodical system of teaching mathematics are analyzed.

### Idea czynnościowego wprowadzania pojęć geometrii elementarnej z pomocą kursu e-learningowego

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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The present article introduces a didactic proposal of supporting the process of teaching mathematics with blended learning. The authors discuss both benefits and dangers of this idea. Also, the concept of functional method of teaching mathematics is brought closer, as it is naturally inscribed in the concept of blended learning. In the second part of the article, the authors describe the materials processed for employment of the discussed foundation in teaching elementary geometry. Estimate...

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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The article analyzed the impact of old (prehistoric, medieval) and modern settlement on the nature of the Holocene alluvial sediments at the bottom of the Bystra valley. It was shown that the transition from peat to mineral deposits was the result of Neolithic farming. Nomadic culture of the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age have helped to stop the denudation slope sand increasing erosion in the bottom of the river valley. Restarting the denudation in the basin and the beginning of...

### O cechach podzielności liczb i odkrywaniu twierdzeń

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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The paper contains some theorems (with proofs) from numbers divisibility theory, and suggestions how to use them in the process of teacher training, which provide good opportunities for developing students’ creative attitude in the process of discovering new facts in elementary mathematics.

### Kompetencje geometryczne nauczycieli matematyki

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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Practice proves that students tend to face difficulties in learninggeometry. This observation is partially confirmed by the results of educationalresearch as well as external exams. It happens repeatedly that studentsget lower marks in arithmetic or algebra tasks. The causes of such situationare complex. One of the reasons is that teaching geometry requires specialteaching skills characteristic for this specific teaching branch as well as theneed for “specific vision”. Therefore, I decided...

### Dekadencja geografii i zapomniane idee Wacława Nałkowskiego

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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The article is inspired by Wacław Nałkowski’s writings and is a reflection on the nature of geography and its place in the system of knowledge. Moreover, the author considers the status of geography and its social relevance. The article seeks to justify the thesis that the low prestige of geography in social consciousness is an outcome of the attitudes of scholars and teachers of geography themselves, the media propaganda and also the state policy. The main objective of the paper is...

### Tourism development in small cities on the example of Pistoia in Tuscany

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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The dynamic development of tourism in many regions of the world causes competition boost which, in turn, leads to a variety of changes in tourist offers. Tourism is an alternative for other types of economic activity, this relates to spatial units of diverse area, including cities. The tourist function can become the mechanism of local development for cities and the protection of the cultural and natural heritage. The main goal of the article is to present the tourist potential of a...

### Main issues concerning drinking water supply in the Angara River watershed

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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Main issues concerning drinking water supply in the Angara River watershed. Water supply for drinking and communal-general purposes plays an important role in every economy all over the world as water is not only widely used for people’s everyday purposes, but is also essential for people’s vital functions. The principle concerning the priorities of supplying drinking and communal water, stipulated in relevant norms and regulations, presumes that in the first place people should be provided...

### Potential of tourism services in the Irkutsk region

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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### Innowacyjność w hotelarstwie z uwzględnieniem adaptacji obiektów zabytkowych na bazę noclegową

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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Nowadays, tourism is a crucial sector of national economy, and for many countries and regions it is one of the goals of economic activity, at the same time being a means of social and economic revival. Therefore, in order to professionally present the tourist potential and offer, and to attract tourists, tourist products should be organized, promoted and introduced in a relevant way. It is necessary to bear in mind that tourism is a service sector, a sector in which different kinds of...

### O roli prac dyplomowych z dydaktyki matematyki w kształceniu przyszłych nauczycieli matematyki

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In the training process of students – future teachers of mathematics, an important role is played by, among others, participation in the diploma seminar, during which the student (being at the final stage of studies)is tasked with preparing a bachelor’s or master’s thesis. This dissertation may be purely mathematical in nature or refer to problems in didactics of mathematics. The article aims to develop and illustrate some thoughts from previous works of the authors (Zaręba, 2009; Major,...

### O badaniach nad kształtowaniem się u studentów matematyki podstawowych pojęć analizy matematycznej

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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This paper is a reflection on the process of forming the basic concepts of mathematical analysis in students. These studies were conducted in the years 2002-2011 and they coincided with the period of major educational reforms in our country. These reforms had an impact on the level of Mathematics teaching in various schools and on anticipatory preparing of young people to study this subject. Thus, this work is an attempt to summarize the results of the already described various stages...

### Przykłady zagadnień z różnych działów matematyki niezbędnych do studiowania teorii miary

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In the education of mathematicians, including teachers of mathematics, the measure theory plays an important role. From the experience in and research on teaching the measure theory it follows that on of the important reasons why students encounter difficulties in the subject is their insufficient ability to apply their knowledge of other branches of mathematics, especially of the set theory and topology. In this article we propose a series of problem analyses and exercises aimed at...

### Актуальные проблемы обучения математике в школе и вузе в свете идей Л. С. Выготского

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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The article gives a brief overview of the scientific results of the III  International Conference held in Moscow State Pedagogical University in November 2016. The main directions of the development of ideas of L. S. Vygotsky, presented in the reports of leading Russian and foreign scientists – participants of the conference.

### Studia geograficzne w Uniwersytecie Jagiellońskim w XIX wieku

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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In time of Wacław Nałkowski’s studies in Kraków (1871–1876), the chair of geography at the Jagiellonian University did not exist. Despite this, in addition to mathematics, astronomy and physics, he attended lectures in geography, astronomy and cartography. Geographical learning opportunities within the Faculty of Philosophy were enabled there as early as1765, thanks to the reform of the University made by Hugo Kołłątaj. In late 1811 and 1812among 12 departments in the Faculty of Philosophy...

### Współczesne cele i metody kształcenia w świetle koncepcji Wacława Nałkowskiego

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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An important task of geographical education is thought to be the formulation of teaching objectives, the selection of contents and development of teaching methods. The primary task is then to define teaching objectives since the formulation of objectives is thought to be a decisive factor in the selection of contents and methods. All these topics constitute the subject matter of the special branch of geography distinguished by Nałkowski, namely the „school geography”, which was seen...

### O pewnym sposobie kontroli rozumienia wybranych pojęć z analizy matematycznej przez studentów studiów matematycznych

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In the last years in Poland new standards for the matriculation examination have been established, especially in mathematics. Subsequently, for many years at the Pedagogical University of Krakow research has been conducted on difficulties that students experience in understanding the basic concepts of mathematical analysis. For the results of this research see: Powązka, Z. (2006, 2009); these are the reports of research conducted in the academic years: 2003/2004 and 2006/2007. Our main...

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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This article presents the author’s research results concerning the teaching of introductory notions and theorems of mathematical analysis. The research was carried out among the first-year students of mathematics. The main objects of the research were: – the observation of the degree of assimilation of the basic notions and theorems by the students; – the investigation of the students’ progress in proving theorems and constructing suitable examples and counterexamples. The final part...

### Leonardo Pisano called Fibonacci, between advanced mathematics, history of mathematics and mathematics education: three examples drawn from Liber Quadratorum

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In this research, three problems faced by Leonardo Pisano, called Fibonacci,are dealt with. The main purpose is to show that history of mathematics can offerinteresting material for mathematics education. The approach to the use of history ofmathematics in mathematics education cannot be merely historical, but adapted to theneeds of the explanations in a classroom. In the course of this paper, the meaning ofsuch assertion will be clarified. A further purpose is a trying to explore the...

### Roma ethnic minority risk of social exclusion in Poland

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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Roma people are one of the most colourful minorities in Poland and arouse interest and controversy among contemporary Polish society, nearly monolithic in terms of ethnic origin and nationality. At present, the socio-economic situation of Roma people in Poland and in other European countries is difficult and marked with social exclusion. In the article the author identifies and describes the following symptoms of social exclusion experienced by Roma people in Poland: lack of tolerance...

### Rozwój śródpolnego wąwozu drogowego w świetle badań pedologicznych i pomiarów GPS

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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The article presents the development of a small, midfield form of road, which cuts the side of a loessic valley. The contemporary shape of the surface was determined by GPS measurements (Leica System 500), set together in ArcView and ArcGIS. Changing of its position was determined by a field analysis of the construction of 50 profiles of the Luvisols with varying degrees of erosion or aggradation. Calculation and visualization were performed in the ‘Surfer’ program. The results are interpreted...

### A Purely Algebraic Proof of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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Proofs of the fundamental theorem of algebra can be divided upinto three groups according to the techniques involved: proofs that rely onreal or complex analysis, algebraic proofs, and topological proofs. Algebraicproofs make use of the fact that odd-degree real polynomials have real roots.This assumption, however, requires analytic methods, namely, the intermediatevalue theorem for real continuous functions. In this paper, we developthe idea of algebraic proof further towards a purely...

### Czym jest zmysł geograficzny?

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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„Geographical sense” is one of the original ideas of Wacław Nałkowski. He defined it as oneof the characteristics of human perception and thinking, which manifests itself in such a way, that the whole variety of human experience is transformed in the act of perception to shape the overall, general and comprehensive situations or figures. It is a process based on a spontaneous, unconscious selection of incoming sensory data and its evaluation, interpretation and synthesizing, to create...

### Gry miejskie jako innowacyjne produkty turystyczne

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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Urban games and other forms of field games, such as Questing, are innovative ideas for presentation, disclosure and interpretation of natural and cultural heritage. The results of the survey presented in the study show that soon urban games can become an alternative to a traditional guided sightseeing of an urban area. There may be several reasons for such a choice: an interesting way of exploring a city, aspects of play and physical activity, better memorization of information, as well...

### Nauka i ewolucja w myśli Wacława Nałkowskiego

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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Wacław Nałkowski is certainly an outstanding figure for Polish geography. In many publications he has also been classified as positivist, anti-metaphysician, evolutionist, anticleric and socialist. Perhaps these designations are not always right, since in his works one can also find the ideas that do not quite match the labels conferred. His broad interests, diligence, criticism in selecting arguments, and the ability to see the essence of complex phenomena of different nature (both...

### Winter tourism of Davraz Mountain

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica

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Winter tourism comprises activities such as traveling to snowy and sloping areas in ski centers, accommodation in these areas and other services. For winter tourism, the climate is a major factor. However, a particular altitude and slopes are required. A site could be defined as an available territory for winter tourism if there are places that are suitable for climbing and trekking and have appropriate snow for skiing. In addition to the abovementioned issues, the period during which...

### Gotowa wiedza i aktywność w matematycznym kształceniu na przykładzie kątów Langleya

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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The article contains a didactic project of classes with mathematics students – future teachers. On the example of problems related to Langley’s angles, the author presents differences between two styles of teaching mathematics. One style is based on existing mathematical knowledge, and the second requires active participation of the students in creating this knowledge during the problem solving process.

### Twórcza aktywność matematyczna uczniów związana z rozwiązywaniem pewnych zadań na zastosowanie wzorów Viète’a

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In this article we propose ways of developing the active and creativeattitude of students towards solving mathematical problems. The taskswere sourced from various mathematical competitions for secondary schoolstudents, such as the so-called Mathematical Olympiad, and require theuse of Vieta’s formulas for third-degree polynomials. These problems inspirestudents to conduct their own elementary research work and foster theircreative attitude towards mathematics. This article is dedicated...

### Prime counting function π

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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The aim of this paper is to derive new explicit formulas for thefunction π, where π(x) denotes the number of primes not exceeding x. Some justifications and generalisations of the formulas obtained by Willans (1964),Minac (1991) and Kaddoura and Abdul-Nabi (2012) are also obtained.

### Analiza błędów z geometrii elementarnej popełnianych przez kandydatów na studia matematyczne w Akademii Pedagogicznej w Krakowie dokonana na podstawie wyników egzaminów wstępnych na kierunek matematyka w latach 2003 i 2004

Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Didacticam Mathematicae Pertinentia

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In the article the errors in the solutions of geometry problems made by the candidates for the first year of the mathematical studies at the Pedagogical University of Cracow during the entrance examinations in 2003 and 2004 are analysed. Every geometry problem is provided with the examples of its solutions, and the detailed conclusions are drawn from the analysis. In the final part of the article a general didactic analysis of the errors is carried out as well as some aspects of teaching...