### A basis of the set of sequences satisfying a given m-th order linear recurrence.

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A matrix derivation of a well-known representation theorem for (tr Ap)1/p is given, which is the solution of a restricted maximization problem. The paper further gives a solution of the corresponding restricted minimization problem.

We present below a new series of conjectures and open problems in the fields of (global) Optimization and Matrix analysis, in the same spirit as our recently published paper [J.-B. Hiriart-Urruty, Potpourri of conjectures and open questions in Nonlinear analysis and Optimization. SIAM Review 49 (2007) 255–273]. With each problem come a succinct presentation, a list of specific references, and a view on the state of the art of the subject.

We present below a new series of conjectures and open problems in the fields of (global) Optimization and Matrix analysis, in the same spirit as our recently published paper [J.-B. Hiriart-Urruty, Potpourri of conjectures and open questions in Nonlinear analysis and Optimization. SIAM Review49 (2007) 255–273]. With each problem come a succinct presentation, a list of specific references, and a view on the state of the art of the subject.

The nth-order determinant of a Toeplitz-Hessenberg matrix is expressed as a sum over the integer partitions of n. Many combinatorial identities involving integer partitions and multinomial coefficients can be generated using this formula.

It is well-known that any graph has all real eigenvalues and a graph is bipartite if and only if its spectrum is symmetric with respect to the origin. We are interested in finding whether the permanental roots of a bipartite graph G have symmetric property as the spectrum of G. In this note, we show that the permanental roots of bipartite graphs are symmetric with respect to the real and imaginary axes. Furthermore, we prove that any graph has no negative real permanental root, and any graph containing...